Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the most common type of pancreatic cancer. It is an aggressive malignancy associated with poor prognosis because of recurrence, metastasis, and treatment resistance. Aberrant glycosylation of cancer cells triggers their migration and invasion and is considered one of the most important prognostic cancer biomarkers. The current study aimed to identify glycan alterations and their relationship with the malignant potential of PDAC.
Using a lectin microarray, we evaluated glycan expression in 62 PDAC samples. Expression of fucosyltransferase 8 (FUT8), the only enzyme catalyzing core fucosylation, was investigated by immunohistochemistry. The role of FUT8 in PDAC invasion and metastasis was confirmed using an in vitro assay and a xenograft peritoneal metastasis mouse model.
The microarray data demonstrated that core fucose-binding lectins were significantly higher in carcinoma than in normal pancreatic duct tissues. Similarly, FUT8 protein expression was significantly higher in carcinoma than in normal pancreatic duct tissues. High FUT8 protein expression was significantly associated with lymph-node metastases and relapse-free survival. FUT8 knockdown significantly reduced the invasion in PDAC cell lines and impaired peritoneal metastasis in the xenograft model.
The findings of this study provide evidence that FUT8 plays a pivotal role in PDAC invasion and metastasis and might be a therapeutic target for this disease.
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We thank Yuiko Aso, Mayumi Wada, and Kazuyuki Miura for their technical assistance with the experiments.
This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI (Grant Number: JP17K10705).
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Tada, K., Ohta, M., Hidano, S. et al. Fucosyltransferase 8 plays a crucial role in the invasion and metastasis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Surg Today (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00595-019-01953-z
- Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma
- Lectin microarray