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A novel dual-covering method in video-assisted thoracic surgery for pediatric primary spontaneous pneumothorax

  • Sumitaka Yamanaka
  • Masatoshi KuriharaEmail author
  • Kenichi Watanabe
Original Article
  • 37 Downloads

Abstract

Background

Primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) generally occurs in young adults, whereas pediatric PSP is uncommon. It is difficult to source reliable data on pediatric PSP, the management of which is based on guidelines for adult PSP; however, the rate of recurrence after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for pediatric PSP is reported to be higher.

Methods

We reviewed retrospectively a collective total of 66 surgical cases of a first pneumothorax episode in 46 children under 16 years of age, who were treated at our hospital between February, 2005 and November, 2017.

Results

The surgical cases were divided into two groups, depending on how the treated lesions were covered. In the dual-covering (DC) group, the PSP was covered by oxidized regenerated cellulose and polyglycolic acid (8 patients; 13 cases) and in the single-covering (SC) group, the PSP was covered by oxidized regenerated cellulose (38 patients; 53 cases). There was no incidence of recurrence after surgery in the DC group, but 17 cases (32.1%) of recurrence after surgery in the SC group. This difference was significant.

Conclusion

The DC method prevented the recurrence of PSP more effectively than the SC method after VATS in pediatric patients. Long-term follow-up after VATS for pediatric PSP is also important because of the risk of delayed recurrence.

Keywords

Primary spontaneous pneumothorax Pediatric Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery Oxidized regenerated cellulose Polyglycolic acid 

Notes

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sumitaka Yamanaka
    • 1
    • 2
  • Masatoshi Kurihara
    • 2
    Email author
  • Kenichi Watanabe
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Thoracic SurgeryEbara HospitalTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Pneumothorax Research CenterNissan Tamagawa HospitalTokyoJapan

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