Acta Diabetologica

, Volume 56, Issue 4, pp 485–486 | Cite as

Corneal thickness, optic nerve sheath diameter, and retinal nerve fiber layer evaluation to assess the risk of cerebral edema in type 1 diabetes in children

  • Maddalena De BernardoEmail author
  • Giovanni Cembalo
  • Nicola Rosa
Letter to the Editor




Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

For this type of study, formal consent is not required.


  1. 1.
    Jeziorny K, Niwald A, Moll A et al (2018) Measurement of corneal thickness, optic nerve sheath diameter and retinal nerve fiber layer as potential new non-invasive methods in assessing a risk of cerebral edema in type 1 diabetes in children. Acta Diabetol. Google Scholar
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    De Bernardo M, Rosa N (2017) Comparison of specular microscopy and ultrasound pachymetry before and after cataract surgery. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 255:837–838. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    De Bernardo M, Rosa N (2017) Clarification on using Ultrasonography to detect intracranial pressure. JAMA Ophthalmol 135:1004–1005. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Rosa N, De Bernardo M (2017) Measurement of the optic nerve in a resource-limited setting. J Neurol Rural Pract 8:310–311. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Tenuta M, De Bernardo M, Rosa N (2017) Neuromuscular ultrasonography of cranial nerves. J Clin Neurol 13:212–213. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maddalena De Bernardo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Giovanni Cembalo
    • 1
  • Nicola Rosa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry “Scuola Medica Salernitana”University of SalernoBaronissiItaly

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