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Authors’ response to the commentary by Bonaventura and Montecucco on: ‘Characterization of circulating leukocytes and correlation of leukocyte subsets with metabolic parameters 1 and 5 years after diabetes diagnosis’

  • Maria Apostolopoulou
  • Michael Roden
Letter to the Editor

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest for this work.

Statement of human and animal rights

All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2008.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all patients for being included in the study.

References

  1. 1.
    Bonaventura A, Montecucco F (2018) Comment on “Characterization of circulating leukocytes and correlation of leukocyte subsets with metabolic parameters 1 and 5 years after diabetes diagnosis”. Acta Diabetol.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00592-018-1229-5 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Apostolopoulou M, Menart-Houtermans B, Ruetter R et al (2018) Characterization of circulating leukocytes and correlation of leukocyte subsets with metabolic parameters 1 and 5 years after diabetes diagnosis. Acta Diabetol 55:723–731CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Valle A, Giamporcaro GM, Scavini M et al (2013) Reduction of circulating neutrophils precedes and accompanies type 1 diabetes. Diabetes 62:2072–2077CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Huang J, Xiao Y, Zheng P et al (2018) Distinct neutrophil counts and functions in patients with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes, latent autoimmune diabetes in adults, and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Metab Res Rev.  https://doi.org/10.1002/dmrr.3064 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Battaglia M (2014) Neutrophils and type 1 autoimmune diabetes. Curr Opin Hematol 21:8–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Medical FacultyHeinrich-Heine UniversityDüsseldorfGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Clinical Diabetology, German Diabetes CenterLeibniz Center for Diabetes Research at Heinrich-Heine University DüsseldorfDüsseldorfGermany
  3. 3.German Center for Diabetes Research, Partner DüsseldorfDüsseldorfGermany

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