Implementation of effective transition from pediatric to adult diabetes care: epidemiological and clinical characteristics—a pioneering experience in North Africa
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Type 1 diabetes is increasing in children leading more T1D young adults to adult healthcare settings. This change is experienced as a tear and results in a disengagement from specialist services. This study reports on an implementation of an effective and pioneering program of transition in North Africa.
A total of 65 teenagers with T1D were recruited for a structured program of transition. They attend transitional meetings involving both pediatric and adult team and were, when ready, welcomed in specialized consultations for adolescents with a special « passport ». Here we study their characteristics before and after structured transition and the benefit of this program.
9 transition meetings took place (September 2012–December 2017). Mean age was 16.5 years. Mean age at onset of T1D was 7.5 years with average pediatric follow-up of 9 years.72% of young adults felt satisfied. After the transition meeting, 74% of patients wished to join directly adult unit. They were followed there for 28.4 ± 16.2 months. The glycaemic control improved significantly with a decrease in HbA1C of 0.93 ± 1.69% the first year of follow-up and the number of young adults achieving a HbA1C < 7.5% increased by 8%.
This program was beneficial for 75% of patients who demonstrated an improvement in their metabolic control the year following transition to adult care service. To our knowledge, this study is the first one in North Africa to report on the outcome of a structured transition program from pediatric to adult diabetes care.
KeywordsType 1 diabetes Adolescents Young adults Transition to adult care
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
All the authors report no conflicts of interest in this work.
Statement of Human and Animal Rights
Our study have been reviewed by the hospital's ethics committee and have therefore been performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in an appropriate version of the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki.
Statement of Informed Consent
All the persons cited gave their consent prior to their inclusion in the study. Details that might disclose identity of the subjects under study have been omitted.
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