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Talar-sided osteochondral lesion of the subtalar joint following the intra-articular calcaneal fracture: study via a modified computed tomography mapping analysis

  • Chayanin AngthongEmail author
  • Andrea Veljkovic
  • Wirana Angthong
  • Prasit Rajbhandari
Original Article • FOOT - FRACTURES
  • 39 Downloads

Abstract

Introduction

This study is to report the prevalence of osteochondral lesions in subtalar joint following intra-articular calcaneal fracture, including the relationship between fracture severity and lesion characteristics, using modified computed tomography (CT) mapping analysis.

Methods

Thirty patients with intra-articular calcaneal fracture who were preoperatively imaged with modified CT mapping analysis were recruited. The presence of talar-sided osteochondral lesions (OLTS) of subtalar joint was noted with lesion area defined by Akiyama’s mapping classification. Lesion severity was assessed via Ferkel’s classification, and fracture severity via Sanders’ classification.

Results

Lesions were found in 28 patients (93.3%), mostly at anterior [16 (57.1%) lesions] or central [13 (46.4%) lesions] areas of posterior talar facet. Most common grade of lesion severity was grade I (mild) seen in 24 (80%) patients. Most fractures were classified as Sanders’ grade III and IV with 12 (40%) and 12 (40%) patients noted, respectively. High severity of fracture denoted by Sanders’ grade IV showed a trend of higher prevalence of OLTS at anterior and central sites of posterior talar facet (P = 0.181). Lesion severity was significantly higher in patients with double lesions than patients with single lesions (P = 0.005). However, OLTS were not significantly related with osteoarthritic changes in follow-up radiographs (P > 0.05).

Conclusions

The prevalence of OLTS is very high following intra-articular calcaneal fractures. Most lesions occur at anterior or central area of posterior talar facet and are more likely to occur in patients with higher fracture severity. Lesion severity was significantly higher in patients with double lesions than patients with single lesions.

Keywords

Calcaneus Fracture Osteochondral Talus Arthritis Computed tomography 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author would like to propose special thanks to Drs. Suebsakul Nangnual, Saowabhak Nitayavardhana, and Rakop Taveesuksiri (research assistants) for their helps in the present study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Dr. Angthong reports personal fees from Menarini, personal fees from Amgen, personal fees from Smith & Nephew, outside the submitted work; Dr. Veljkovic reports grants from Wright medical, grants from Zimmer, grants from Acumed, grants from Ferring, grants from Synthes, grants from Arthrex, outside the submitted work; Dr. Angthong has nothing to disclose; Dr. Rajbhandari has nothing to disclose.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chayanin Angthong
    • 1
    Email author
  • Andrea Veljkovic
    • 2
  • Wirana Angthong
    • 3
  • Prasit Rajbhandari
    • 4
  1. 1.Foot and Ankle Surgery Unit, Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty of MedicineThammasat UniversityPathum ThaniThailand
  2. 2.Department of OrthopaedicsUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  3. 3.Department of Radiology, Faculty of MedicineThammasat UniversityPathum ThaniThailand
  4. 4.Department of OrthopedicsGrande International HospitalKathmanduNepal

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