Traumatic upper plexus palsy: Is the exploration of brachial plexus necessary?
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Brachial plexus injuries are major injuries of the upper limb resulting in severe dysfunction usually in young patients. Upper trunk injuries of the brachial plexus account for approximately 45% of brachial plexus injuries. Treatment options for upper trunk brachial plexus injuries include exploration of the plexus and microsurgical repair using nerve grafts or nerve transfers. Several published studies presented the results of both techniques, but there are few studies which compared these two techniques. This article summarizes the treatment options for upper trunk brachial plexus injuries, discusses the merits and demerits of each technique, and presents authors’ proposed treatment for these injuries.
KeywordsUpper trunk brachial plexus injuries Exploration Nerve transfers Nerve grafting
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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