Study of human radius construction systematics: evaluation by DXA in dry bone

  • Soledad Aguado-HencheEmail author
  • Pascual Morante-Martínez
  • Soledad Cristóbal-Aguado
  • Celia Clemente de Arriba
Original Article • UPPER LIMB - ANATOMY


This study has been undertaken in order to describe the bone mass distribution of the dry human radius via dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) with a Norland XR-800 densitometer machine. A sample of 39 dry radius bones was used. Two projections were made: antero-posterior and lateral, and five regions of interest were selected. The bone densities and the bone mineral contents of the various regions of the radius in the two projections were compared using Student’s t tests for paired samples, with statistically significant differences being found in all of the values, except in the proximal extremity (P Ext). The area of greatest bone mineral content (BMC) was the medial diaphysis (M Diaph), followed by the distal extremity (D Ext), with the lowest value being found in the proximal extremity (P Ext). As for bone mineral density (BMD), a great symmetry is observed if we take the mean point of the longitudinal axis as a reference, with it being distributed from highest to lowest from the central part to the extremities. A correlation study of the BMD and BMC values between the segments themselves and with the total, in both positions, provides us with a high correlation (p ≤ 0.01), with the highest correlation value being found for the proximal diaphysis (P Diaph) region, indicating the heterogeneous nature of the distribution of the radius bone mass. Bone densitometry via DXA is useful in order to establish an overview of the structural construction of the human radius.


Dual x-ray absorptiometry Human radius Dry bone Bone mineral density Bone mineral content Densitometry 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Aguado-Henche S, Morante MArtínez P, Clemente de Arriba C and Cristóbal-Aguado S declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Teaching Unit of Human Anatomy and Embryology, Department of Surgery, Medical and Social Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health SciencesUniversity of AlcaláAlcalá de Henares, MadridSpain
  2. 2.National Health System“La Paz” University HospitalMadridSpain

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