Contemporary less invasive spinal instrumentation for AO C-type posterior pelvic ring injuries

  • Panagiotis KorovessisEmail author
  • Petros Spastris
  • Vasileios Syrimpeis
  • Vasileios Tsekouras
  • Savvas Petrou
Original Article



This study evaluates efficacy and safety of contemporary spinal instrumentation for AO/type C posterior pelvic ring (PPR) injuries.


Twenty-two consecutive patients, aged 36 ± 17 years, were managed with spinal instrumentation with spinopelvic fixation (SPF) or non-spinopelvic fixation (NSPF) and less invasive surgery. There were 16 vertically unstable sacral fractures and six iliosacral dislocations. Matta score was used for fragment diastasis and Majeed’s score for functional outcome evaluation.


All patients were followed for 61 ± 8 months postoperatively. The operative time was less in NSPF (P < 0.001). SPF was applied in six cases and NSPF in 16 cases. Postoperatively, fragment diastasis was reduced from 16 ± 13 to 2.6 ± 3.8 mm (P < 0.000). There was no statistically significant difference in fracture reduction between SPF and NSPF (P = 0.16). Majeed score was 83 ± 16 postoperatively. There was a significant correlation between Matta score and Majeed score (P = 0.013). There were two cases with spinal instrumentation failure. Low-grade infection occurred in one patient, without hardware failure, that was eradicated after hardware removal. From ten patients with incomplete neurologic impairment on admission, eight showed postoperatively full and two partial recovery without direct sacral decompression. Patients with preoperative neurologic impairment showed lower postoperative Majeed score than those without neurologic impairment (P = 0.027). There was no correlation between neurologic impairment and recovery and type of PPR injury.


SPF and NSPF with contemporary spinal instrumentation for C AO-type PPR injury with less invasive methods are safe and effective techniques that reduce and maintain PPR disruption allowing early mobilization, neurologic recovery and improved Majeed score.

Graphic abstract

These slides can be retrieved under electronic supplementary material.


Less invasive Spinal instrumentation Pelvic ring fractures Spinopelvic fixation 



The authors wish to express their appreciation to Alkis Korovesis, MSc Dipl. Engineer, for his assistance in statistical analysis of the data.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical standards

All authors declare that all procedures performed in these series were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Supplementary material

586_2019_6180_MOESM1_ESM.pptx (139 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PPTX 139 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Orthopaedics DepartmentGeneral Hospital of PatrasPatrasGreece
  2. 2.Department of OrthopedicsNicosia General HospitalStrovolosCyprus

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