European Spine Journal

, Volume 27, Issue 11, pp 2884–2884 | Cite as

Answer to the Letter to the Editor of LJ Castro-Alves et al. concerning “Comparative study of the efficacy of transdermal buprenorphine patches and prolonged-release tramadol tablets for postoperative pain control after spinal fusion surgery: a prospective, randomized controlled non-inferiority trial” by HJ Kim et al. (2017) Eur Spine J;26:2961–2968

  • Ho-Joong KimEmail author
Author's Reply

Dear Editor,

We are grateful for these excellent comments. Our answers are below:

Firstly, it is not clear if intraoperative analgesic administration was standardized using a specific criterion. This has been shown to alter the primary outcome [6].
  • Thank you for your excellent comments. We agree with this opinion. In this clinical trial, however, we did not use any intraoperative analgesics.

Secondly, the authors do not mention if the use of any postoperative multimodal analgesic was standardized between the groups as this could also have affected the primary outcome.
  • We appreciate this comment. For postoperative pain control, patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) and buprenorphine/tramadol were used and any other different analgesics were not used.

Lastly, it is likely that patients titrated analgesics to a low pain score and this may explain the lack of difference among pain scores between the study groups.
  • Thank you for this excellent comment. Below is the protocol in the tramadol group.

  • “In the Tramadol group, a sustained action oral tramadol dose of 150 mg/day was provided 36 h postoperatively. The possible doses of tramadol tablets were 150, 200, 250, and 300 mg/day. Supplementary acetaminophen was available throughout the study as rescue medication.”

As you mentioned, titration was allowed for patient’s safety. However, the strength of 120 mg/day of tramadol is the equivalent to that of 7-day patch of 5 mcg/h. Therefore, titration would not influence the present results.


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author declare that there is no conflict of interest.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Spine Center and Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul National University College of MedicineSeoul National University Bundang HospitalSungnam-siRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations