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European Spine Journal

, Volume 28, Issue 6, pp 1406–1412 | Cite as

Degenerative spondylolisthesis: a prospective cross-sectional cohort study on the role of weakened anterior abdominal musculature on causation

  • Robert D. Fraser
  • Francis BrooksEmail author
  • Kris Dalzell
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

Degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) is a degenerative condition of the spine which, unlike others, is more common in a female population. Previous studies have highlighted possible causative factors such as facet tropism and pregnancy as reasons for this. This study sets out to assess the possible link between abdominal musculature and DS.

Method

A prospective cross-sectional cohort study in a single surgeon practice assessed all patients aged over 50 years attending for degenerative lumbar spinal complaints. Patient demographics, as well as the number of pregnancies, children, abdominal surgical procedures, were recorded.

Results

We found 205 patients that met our inclusion criteria (98 Males/107 Females). Women with multiple pregnancies (p = 0.036) and abdominal surgeries (p = 0.021) were more likely to develop DS. Males with ventral hernias were more likely to have developed DS (p = 0.004).

Conclusion

This study highlights the important role that the abdominal musculature plays in stabilization of the spine and highlights its potential role as a factor in the development of DS.

Graphical abstract

These slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.

Keywords

Degenerative Spondylolisthesis Pregnancy Abdominal musculature 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

586_2018_5758_MOESM1_ESM.pptx (299 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PPTX 298 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert D. Fraser
    • 1
  • Francis Brooks
    • 2
    Email author
  • Kris Dalzell
    • 3
  1. 1.Royal Adelaide HospitalAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.Royal Gwent HospitalNewportUK
  3. 3.Burwood HospitalChristchurchNew Zealand

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