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European Spine Journal

, Volume 27, Supplement 6, pp 773–775 | Cite as

Controlling the burden of spinal disorders in low- and middle-income countries

  • Anthony D. Woolf
Addendum to the Editorial

Spinal disorders, including back and neck pain, are a major burden on individuals and societies globally. Most people will suffer at some time in their lives from an episode of disabling back pain, which is often short-lived but may be recurrent and some become chronic. The costs are high. Back pain is one of the commonest causes of work loss, and the financial impact falls on individuals, their families, employers due to lost productivity and on society as a whole through lost economic activity, and through the costs of health and social care. Although universal health coverage is a goal of the United Nations and World Health Organizations, many countries do not have systems to rehabilitate or support people unable to work because of health problems. Then, the burden falls on the individual and their families. This is particularly the scenario in low- and middle-income countries and in some high-income countries. With younger workers moving to urban areas and into sedentary work...

Notes

Compliance with etical standards

Conflict of interst

The author declares that he has no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bone and Joint Research Group, Knowledge SpaRoyal Cornwall Hospital TrustTruroUK

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