Comparative Clinical Pathology

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 231–237 | Cite as

Haematology of southern bent-winged bats (Miniopterus orianae bassanii) from the Naracoorte Caves National Park, South Australia

  • Peter H. HolzEmail author
  • Phillip Clark
  • David J. McLelland
  • Linda F. Lumsden
  • Jasmin Hufschmid
Original Article


Haematology is an important tool for evaluating the health of both individuals and populations of animals, as it can provide evidence of subclinical disease. This is particularly important for endangered species as it provides a potential early warning system. The southern bent-winged bat (Miniopterus orianae bassanii) is a critically endangered bat whose population has declined over the past 50 years. As part of a larger investigation to determine if disease could be a contributing factor to the sub-species’ decline, complete blood counts were performed on southern bent-winged bats from the Naracoorte Caves National Park, South Australia, to determine their haematological characteristics. Erythrocyte and leucocyte morphologies were similar to other bat species. However, when compared with published results for Schreiber’s bent-winged bat (M. schreibersii), a closely related species, southern bent-winged bats had significantly fewer total white blood cells and a lower percentage of neutrophils, but a significantly greater percentage of lymphocytes, monocytes and eosinophils. Polychromophilus melanipherus, a haemosporidian parasite, was found in the blood of 28% of bats. This parasite was not associated with any pathological effects. This study highlights the importance of generating species-specific reference ranges as extrapolating from even closely related species can lead to errors in interpretation.


Haematology Miniopterus orianae bassanii Polychromophilus melanipherus Southern bent-winged bat 



The authors acknowledge the valuable contributions provided by Daniel Pilbeam for conducting the haematological analyses, and Amanda Bush and Terry Reardon for assistance trapping and sampling bats.

Funding information

The authors received financial support generously given for this project by Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment; Wildlife Disease Association Australasia; Karst Conservation Fund; Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning; and David Middleton. The lead author was supported by an Australian Postgraduate Award scholarship.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

Samples were collected with approval from the Wildlife Ethics Committee, South Australia (permit number 37/2015) and the Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources, South Australia (permit number Q26488-1).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare there have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Melbourne Veterinary School, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural SciencesThe University of MelbourneWerribeeAustralia
  2. 2.School of Pharmacy and Biomedical SciencesCurtin UniversityBentleyAustralia
  3. 3.Zoos South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia
  4. 4.Department of Environment, Land, Water and PlanningArthur Rylah Institute for Environmental ResearchHeidelbergAustralia

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