Advertisement

Morphometric evaluation of gross pulmonary indices in the Red Sokoto goats for pulmonary consolidation assessment

  • Jarikre Theophilus Aghogho
  • Ola Olawale Olawumi
  • Alaka Olugbenga Olayinka
  • Precious W. Unuoah
  • Giwa Rachel
  • Benjamin O. EmikpeEmail author
Original Article
  • 1 Downloads

Abstract

This study determined the gross morphometry and dimensions of the Red Sokoto goat (RSG) lungs, which may serve as basis for clinical and radiographic assessment of pulmonary consolidation. Seventy non-pneumonic RSG lungs were sampled comprising 44 males and 16 females, 12 of < 1 year, 30 between 1 and 2 years, and 18 > 2 years. Weight (gram), length (cm), and diameter (cm) of each lung lobe, distance from the tracheo-bronchus to the point of trachea bifurcation, and distance between left and right trachea bifurcation were taken using standard methods. The data were compared using Student’s t test and ANOVA at α = 0.05. The right lung contributed the most (61.67%) while the left lung contributed the least in weight (38.32%). Of the 61.67% by the right lung, the caudal lobe contributes 38.9% while the cranial (14.71%), middle (5.83%), and accessory (1.53%) lobes make up the rest. The percentage contribution of the right lung lobes increased with age except for the accessory lobe which decreased. The percentage contribution of the left lung lobes decreased with increasing age except for the middle lobe. The right cranial lobe is longer and wider than the left cranial lobe. The males have higher lung weight and dimensions than females except that the values of the right lung, the caudal lobe of the right lung, and the middle lobe of the left lung were higher in females than in males. In conclusion, this study established the morphometric and percentage contribution of each lung lobe in relation to the age and sex of the RSG. These parameters will aid diagnosis of lung disease and assessment of pulmonary consolidation at postmortem in a poor resource setting.

Keywords

Red Sokoto goat Lung Morphometry Consolidation 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.

References

  1. Adane H, Girma A (2010) Economic significance of sheep and goats, pp 2-3. In Sheep and Goat production handbook for Ethiopia Ed Yami A and Merkel RC. ESGPIP. https://issuu.com/esgpip/docs/esgpip_sheep_and_goat_handbook. Accessed 6 June 2016
  2. Dossa LH, Wollny C, Gauly M (2007) Smallholders’ perceptions of goat farming in southern Benin and opportunities for improvement. Trop Anim Health Prod 39(1):49–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Emikpe BO, Akpavie SO (2011) The clinicopathologic effects of Peste des petits ruminants virus infection in West African dwarf goats. Small Rumin Res 95:168–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fitting J-W (2015) From breathing to respiration. Respiration 89(1):82–87.  https://doi.org/10.1159/000369474 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hassen AS, Tesfaye Y (2014) Sheep and goat production objectives in pastoral and agro- pastoral production systems in Chifra district of Afar, Ethiopia. Trop Anim Health Prod 46(8):1467–1474CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Jarikre TA, Emikpe BO (2019) Immunohistochemical evidence of multiple viral and bacterial associations in caprine pneumonia in Nigeria: implications for vaccines. Acta Vet Eurasia 45:1–8Google Scholar
  7. Jarikre TA, Emikpe BO, Morenikeji OA, Akpavie SO (2016) Pattern and associated risk factors of caprine pneumonia in Nigeria. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Diseases 6:179–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Jericho KWF, Langford EV (1992) Aerosol vaccination of calves with Pasteurella haemolytica against experimental respiratory disease. Can J Comp Med 46(3):287–292Google Scholar
  9. Kumar A, Tikoo SK, Malik P, Kumar AT (2014) Respiratory diseases of small ruminants. Veterinary Medicine International 2014, Article ID 373642, 2 pages:2.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/373642 Google Scholar
  10. Lasisi OT, Ojo NA, Otesile EB (2002) Estimation of age of cattle in Nigeria using rostral dentition. Trop Vet 20:204–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Mohammad MA, Al-Sultan II (2018) Seasonal isolation and identification with antibiotic susceptibility patterns of pasteurella multocidaand mannheimia haemolytica from goats in dry and wet seasons in Kelantan. Malaysia Indian Journal of Applied Research 8(7):7–10Google Scholar
  12. Mohammad MA, Golam-Kibria ASM, Amir HS, Mohammad BH (2011) Morphometry Of Goat’s lung. Priory Medical Journal :1-4. http://www.priory.com/vet/goat_lung.htm. Accessed 12.02.2016
  13. Muheet HUM, Oveas RP, Riyaz AB, Mohd IY (2019) Seasonal and periodic rhythmicity of respiratory infections in small ruminants. Biol Rhythm Res :1-9.  https://doi.org/10.1080/09291016.2019.1576283
  14. Neil JH, Gilmour W, Gwynne FJ (1973) The broncholpulmonary segments- radiological, pathological and bronchoscopic considerations; with special reference to the subapical bronchopulmonary segement. Med J Austrailia 2:165–172Google Scholar
  15. OCHS M (2006) A brief update on lung stereology. J Microsc 222(3):188–200.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2818.2006.01587.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ostanello F, Dottori M, Gusmara C, Leotti G, Sala V (2007) Pneumonia disease assessment using a slaugtherhouse lung-scoring method. J Vet Med 5:70–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Sathidevi VK (2016) Anatomical arrangement of the lobar bronchi, bronchopulmonary segments and their variations. Int J Res Med Sci 4(11):4928–4932Google Scholar
  18. Weibel ER (2013) A retrospective of lung morphometry: from 1963 to present. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 15;305(6):L405–L408.  https://doi.org/10.1152/ajplung.00169.2013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. West JB (2011) History of respiratory gas exchange. In: Comprehensive physiology.  https://doi.org/10.1002/cphy.c091006 Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of IbadanOyo StateNigeria

Personalised recommendations