Detection of antibodies against bluetongue virus among goats of different eco-climatic zones of Nepal
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A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine sero-prevalence of bluetongue virus (BTV) among of different ecological zones of Nepal. A total of 342 goat serum samples were tested by using c-ELISA for the presence of antibodies against BTV. Out of the total 342 serum samples tested, 130 were positive giving an overall sero-prevalence of 38.01%. Significantly higher sero-prevalence was found (p < 0.01) in Rupandehi District (65.11%) compared with Mustang District (25.61%) and Tanahu District (16.30%). Higher sero-prevalence was observed in females (38.43%) compared with their male counterparts (35.41%) but was statistically non-significant. Thus, the goat population in Rupandehi District are at high risk of acquiring bluetongue virus infection. Following an appropriate preventive measures and trans-boundary animal movement regulation can prevent the potential outbreak of disease.
KeywordsBluetongue virus Antibodies Eco-climatic zone c-ELISA Goat
This study was funded by the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS), Tribhuvan University, under the Internship Program Management Fund.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All essential institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.
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