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Comparative Clinical Pathology

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 487–492 | Cite as

Epidemiological profile and drug abuse: fatal occupational injuries in Espirito Santo, Brazil

  • Rogério Piontkowski
  • Fernanda Endringer Pinto
  • Célio Siman Mafra Nunes
  • Nicolli Barreto Rosa Piontkowski
  • Tadeu Uggere de Andrade
  • Denise Coutinho Endringer
  • Dominik LenzEmail author
Original Article
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

To evaluate the profile and frequency of drug abuse before fatal occupational injuries from cases registered in Vitoria, ES, Brazil. From 2008 to 2012, 302 fatal work accidents were registered in the analyzed area. Epidemiological variables like age, sex, type of drug detected, occupation, cause of death, and location of the accident were studied. Drugs that were routinely searched for and considered in the analysis are alcohol, cocaine, marijuana, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, and amphetamines. Male workers, with a mean age of 40 years old, were affected more frequently than females. In the 302 analyzed cases, there was a loss of 10,717 years of lifetime. Drugs were detected in over 20% of cases. Studies of fatal accidents at work (FOI) in Brazil shows that the records of these accidents are often not properly communicated to the competent bodies. Of all the workers included in the study, 23.9% was positive for the presence of drugs, most frequently detected were alcohol and cocaine. These findings are at least partially explained by the fact that the use of alcohol is not seen as a threat and its use is socially acceptable, even in working situations. Health guidelines and worker safety prevention measures should be applied more rigorously, with the goal of reducing the number of injuries and fatalities.

Keywords

Epidemiology Labor complications Fatal outcome Injuries Health Drugs 

Abbreviations

CEP

Research Ethics Committee

CLT

Consolidation of Labor Laws

CWA

Communication of Workers’ Accidents

DC

Death certificate

DML

Medical Legal Department

FOI

Fatal occupational injuries

GC

Gas chromatography

HPLC

High-performance liquid chromatography

IBGE

Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics

MS

Mass spectrometry

NACE

National classification of economic activities

PYLL

Potential years of life lost

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The Research Ethics Committee (CEP) (Opinion No. 399474) approved the study (CAAE: 18798813.0.0000.5064).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rogério Piontkowski
    • 1
  • Fernanda Endringer Pinto
    • 1
  • Célio Siman Mafra Nunes
    • 2
  • Nicolli Barreto Rosa Piontkowski
    • 2
  • Tadeu Uggere de Andrade
    • 2
  • Denise Coutinho Endringer
    • 2
  • Dominik Lenz
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Master Program in Pharmaceutical ScienceUniversity of Vila VelhaEspírito SantoBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Pharmaceutical ScienceUniversity of Vila VelhaEspírito SantoBrazil

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