Effect of two different habitat on haematological parameters of fishes of Odisha
- 24 Downloads
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of different water quality of Kausalyaganga pond of Bhubaneswar and Kalupada ghat, the northern sector of Chilika lagoon of Khordha district, Odisha on the haematological and morphometry of erythrocytes of Heteropneustes fossilis, Clarias batrachus, Channa punctatus, Channa striatus and Anabas testudineus. In both sampling sites, water physical-chemical-parameters of the water were measured. Our results showed statistical difference in pH, alkalinity, salinity and dissolved oxygen between the two sites. Haematological parameters like haemoglobin (Hb), red blood cell count (RBC), packed cell volume (PCV) and white blood cell count show a statistical significance in studied fishes of two different habitat except erythrocyte indices. The variations in haematological parameters are a good indicator to detect intra- and inter-specific variations in relation to different aquatic habitats. These results represent important haematological indices useful for monitoring the effect of environmental changes and physiological adaptive capacities of fishes.
KeywordsHaematological parameters Habitat Chilika lagoon Kausalyaganga pond
The authors would like to express their thanks to the Postgraduate Department of Zoology, Utkal University, Vani Vihar, Bhubaneswar, 751 004, Odisha for providing facilities for carrying of current research programme. The first author owes her thanks to the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, New Delhi, towards Innovation in Science Pursuit for Inspired Research (DST INSPIRE) Programme as the funding agency vide the letter number DST/INSPIRE Fellowship/2012, [146-2012].
This study was funded by: Department of science and technology, New Delhi, India (grant number IF 130457).
Compliance with ethical standards
This investigation followed all the guidelines for the care and use of animals.
Conflict of interest
First author received research grant from Department of science and technology, New Delhi, India.
First author declares that she has no conflict of interest.
Second author declare that he has also no conflict of interest.
Significance of statement
The variation of haematological parameters due to habitat emphasises the fact that changes in blood characteristics are important indices in monitoring the environmental changes and understanding the physiological adaptive capacity of freshwater fishes to brackish water habitat which will increase production of fishes.
- Adeyemo OK, Agbede SA, Olaniyan AO, Shoaga OA (2003) The haematological response of Clarias gariepinus to changes in acclimation temperature. Afr J Biochem Res 6:105–108Google Scholar
- Alwan S, Hadi A, Shokr A (2009) Alterations in haematological parameters of freshwater fish, Tilapia zillii, exposed to aluminum. J Sci Appl 3:12–19Google Scholar
- Ayotunde EO, Ochang SN (2004) Ichthyohaematological studies on Malapterurus eletricus, (Gmelin 1789) Pisces, Malaptruridae Global. J Agricult Sci 10:5–14Google Scholar
- Ayotunde EO, Ochang SN (2006) Haematological characteristics and plasma chemistry of an African carp, Labeo coubie (Ruppell) in the cross river, south eastern Nigeria. J Aquat Sci 21:47–55Google Scholar
- Banerjee S, Banerjee V (1987) Erythrocytes and related parameters in H. fossilis with special reference to body length, sex and season. J Adv Zool 8:67–72Google Scholar
- Banerjee SK, Patra BC, Bandoypahyay P, Teway A (2002) Changes of blood parameters in carp, Catla catla. J Aquatic Biol 17(11):79–84Google Scholar
- Bayir A (2005) The investigation of seasonal changes in antioxidant enzyme activities, serum lipids, lipoproteins and haematological parameters of Siraz fish (Capoeta capoeta) living in Hinis stream (Murat Basin). Degree Dissertation, Ataturk University, Turkey, pp 56–67Google Scholar
- Boyle R (1673) Observations and experiments about the saltness of the sea. In: Hunter M, Davis EB (eds) The works of the Honourable Robert Boyle, vol 7. Pickering and Chatto, London, pp 389–412Google Scholar
- Dacie JV, Lewis SM (1984) Practical Haematology, 6th edn. Churchill Livingston, Edinburgh, pp 27–32Google Scholar
- Dacie JV, Lewis SM (1991) Practical Haematology.7th edition. Churchhill Livingstone, London, pp 1–73Google Scholar
- Duthie GG, Tort L (1985) Effects of dorsal aortic cannulation on the respiration and haematology of Mediterranean living Scyliorhinus canicula. Comparative biochemistry and physiology - part a: molecular and integrative. Physiology 81A:879–885Google Scholar
- Feist SW, Longshaw M (2000) Myxosporiodiosis of fish and the bryozoan link with proliferate kidney diseases (PKD) of almonids. J Fish Dis 1:91–108Google Scholar
- Fernades MN, Mazon AF (2003) Environmental pollution and fish gill morphology fish adaptations. In Val A and Kapour B (eds) Science Publications. Enfield, USA, pp 203–231Google Scholar
- Francesco F, Satheeshkumar P, Kumar DS, Caterina GP (2012) A comparative study of hematological and blood chemistry of Indian and Italian grey mullet (Mugil cephalus Linneaus, 1758). Herbert Open Access Journals Biology 1(1):5Google Scholar
- Gabriel U, Anyanwu P, Anyanwu A, Akinrotimi A (2007) Effect of freshwater challenge on the blood characteristics of Sarotherodon melanotheron. Agric J 2:388–391Google Scholar
- Geetha S (2014) Studies on the effects of water pH changes on haematological parameters in Gerres filamentosus (Cuvier). Int J Environ Sci 4(5):983–986Google Scholar
- Graham JB (1997) Air-breathing fishes: evolution. Diversity and Adaptation. Academic Press, San Diego, pp 28–29Google Scholar
- Musa SO, Omoregie E (1999) Haematological changes in the mudfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell). J Aquat Sci 14:37–42Google Scholar
- Okechukwu EO, Ansa J, Balogun JK (2007) Effects of acute nominal doses of Chloropyrifos-ethyyl on some haematological indices of African catfish Calarias gariepinus. J Fisheries Int 2(2):190–194Google Scholar
- Sahli H (1909) Lehrbuchd.klin. Untersuchungen Methode, 5th edn. Leipsic, p 846Google Scholar
- Strickland JDH, Parsons TR (1972) A practical hand book of seawater analyses. Fish Research Board, Canada, p 310Google Scholar
- Tavares-Dias M, Barcellos JFM (2005) Peripheral blood cells of the armored catfish Hoplosternum littorale Hancock, 1828: a morphological and cytochemical study. Br J Morphol Sci 22:215–220Google Scholar