Comparative Clinical Pathology

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 107–115 | Cite as

Comparative hypolipidaemic effects of crude seed powder, aqueous and methanolic seed extracts of Buchholzia coriacea in carbon tetrachloride-induced toxicity in albino rats (Rattus norvegicus)

  • Ugwu Godwin ChigozieEmail author
  • Eyo Joseph Effiong
  • Okanya Chinagorom Laureta
  • Egbuji Jude Ifeanyi
  • Okwor Jude Ifeanyi
  • Nnamonu Emmanuel Ikechukwu
Original Article


Comparative hypolipidaemic effects of aqueous seed extracts, methanolic seed extracts and crude seed powder of Buchholzia coriacea in rats intoxicated with carbon tetrachloride were evaluated for 56 days. A total of male albino rats (150–200 g) comprising of 12 normal and 132 CCl4-induced toxic rats were divided into 4 major groups: control groups (normal, positive and negative controls) and 3 treatment groups (B. coriacea aqueous extract (BCAE) group, B. coriacea methanolic extract (BCME) group and B. coriacea crude powder (BCCP) group) of 36 albino rats. The major group was split into three sub-groups consisting of three replicates of four rats each. The normal, negative and positive control groups were given 1 ml/kg distilled water, 150 mg/kg of CCl4 and 200 mg/kg of silymarin respectively, while each treatment group was administered 200, 400 and 800 mg/kg respectively. Serum samples were collected from selected rats in each replicate of both treatment and control groups after 7 days of intoxication and at 2 weeks interval for various lipid profile parameters using standard methods. A time-independent significant decrease (p < 0.05) was observed in total cholesterol; LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, VLDL-cholesterol and significant increase (P < 0.05) in HDL-cholesterol were observed in hepatotoxic rats treated with the BCCP, BCAE and BCME in comparison with the control groups. Conclusively, post treatment with aqueous seed extracts, methanolic seed extracts and crude seed powder of B. coriacea significantly attenuated hyperlipidaemic activities. Therefore, it can be suggested that B. coriacea extracts could have a protective effects against cardiovascular diseases.


Buchholzia coriacea Methanolic extracts Aqueous extracts Crude seed powder Lipid profile Albino rats 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

Handling of experimental animals used in this research was in accordance with that recommended by the Committee and the International Guidelines for Handling of Laboratory Animals (Derrell 1996).

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from each participants included in the study.


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© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Zoology and Environmental BiologyUniversity of NigeriaNsukkaNigeria

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