Amalgamation of aligned carbon nanostructures at low temperature and the synthesis of vertically aligned carbon nanofibers (CNFs)

  • Rizwan ShoukatEmail author
  • Muhammad Imran Khan
Technical Paper


This research article discusses the amalgamation of different carbon nanostructures at low temperature and reports a highly reliable and efficient method for the growth of vertically aligned carbon nanofibers (CNFs). The inductively coupled plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition method utilizes a low substrate temperature (approx. 650 °C) for the growth purpose using toluene as carbon source. First, this paper describes the experimental setup for the synthesis of different nanostructures, then the calibration procedures for the measurement accuracy of the system and then the synthesis of vertically aligned carbon nanofibers using inductively coupled plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition. Carbon nanofibers are characterized using SEM (scanning electron microscopy), EDX (energy-dispersive X-ray) and Raman spectroscopy.



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Microsystems Engineering, IMTEKUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of Electrical Engineering, College of EngineeringUniversity of HailHailSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Micro/-Nano Electronic System Integration R&D Center (MESIC)University of Science and Technology of China (USTC)HefeiChina

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