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Dusty flow with different water based nanoparticles along a paraboloid revolution: thermal analysis

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Abstract

The thermal analysis on hydromagnetic two-dimensional flow of dusty nano fluid along an upper horizontal surface of paraboloid revolution have been scrutinized. The governing flow are derived under the assumptions of Boussinesq’s boundary layer approximation theory. The effects of Cattaneo-Christov heat flux, variable thermal conductivity, joule heating and viscous dissipation are incorporated in the energy equation. The governing PDE’s for the flow and energy transfer for both the phases are transformed into ODE’S by employing the suitable similarity transformations. The final dimensionless governing coupled ordinary differential equations are resolved with the aid of bvp5c procedure in computational Matlab software. The effects of dimensionless governing controlled flow parameters on velocity, micropolar velocity, and temperature profiles for both the phases are reported and discussed elaborately through plots and tables. The emerging three nanoparticles namely gold, silver and platinum (\(Au,Ag\) and \(Pt\)) are considered throughout graphical analysis along with \(H_{2} O\) is used as a base liquid. It is revealed that the flow velocity declined for strengthen of the applied magneticfield. It is worthy note that the larger values of thermal relaxation parameter \(\gamma\) declines the fluid temperature for both phases. Also, the rate of heat transfer is an increasing function to the escalating values of variable thermal conductivity \(\varepsilon\), while it is reverse trend for the thermal relaxation parameter \(\gamma\). The observations exhibit the prominent features in the field of an advanced bio-medical and thermal engineering.

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to extend their sincere appreciation to the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University for its funding of this research through the Research Group Project no. RG-1439-029.

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Correspondence to Asiful H. Seikh.

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Reddy, M.G., Seikh, A.H., Sudharani, M.V.V.N.L. et al. Dusty flow with different water based nanoparticles along a paraboloid revolution: thermal analysis. Microsyst Technol 26, 925–945 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00542-019-04609-7

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