Advertisement

Effect of nanocrystalline cellulose and zinc oxide hybrid organic–inorganic nanofiller on the physical properties of polycaprolactone nanocomposite films

  • Magdi E. GibrilEmail author
  • KumKum Ahmed
  • Prabashni Lekha
  • Bruce Sithole
  • Ajit KhoslaEmail author
  • Hidemitsu FurukawaEmail author
Technical Paper
  • 36 Downloads

Abstract

New biobased polycaprolactone (PCL) nanocomposite materials were prepared using cellulose-zinc oxide (NCC-ZnO) as an organic–inorganic nanofiller which was prepared by loading zinc oxide (ZnO) onto the surface of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC). Various loadings (2–8 wt%) of nanofiller were added onto the PCL matrix to prepare PCL/NCC-ZnO nanocomposite films using the solvent cast method. The nanofiller and nanocomposite films were characterised by AFM, TEM, FTIR, FE-SEM, XRD, DSC, TGA and tensile strength. The results of AFM, TEM and FTIR analysis confirmed the interaction between NCC and ZnO nanoparticles and between nanofiller (NCC-ZnO) and PCL. The mechanical properties of the PCL polymer significantly improved due to incorporation of the nanofiller, especially, when increasing the amount of nanofiller beyond 4 wt%. FE-SEM analysis showed homogenous dispersion of nanofiller within the PCL matrix, and illustrated a rough porous surface. Both TGA and DSC results indicated that the thermal stability of PCL increased due to the incorporation of nanofillers.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to Matsumae International Foundation (MIF)-Japan for financial support and to Tatsuro Okita and Professor Matsuba from Yamagata University for their precious help. This work was supported in part by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP17H01224, JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP18H05471, JST COI Grant Number JPMJCE1314, JST -OPERA Program Grant Number JPMJOP1844, JST -OPERA Program Grant Number JPMJOP1614, and the Cabinet Office (CAO), Cross-ministerial Strategic Innovation Promotion Program (SIP), “An intelligent knowledge processing infrastructure, integrating physical and virtual domains” (funding agency: NEDO).

References

  1. Azizi S, Ahmad M, Mahdavi M, Abdolmohammadi S (2013) BioResources 8:1841CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Azizi S, Ahmad M, Ibrahim N, Hussein M, Namvar F (2014) Int J Mol Sci 15:11040CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Benkaddour A, Jradi K, Robert S, Daneault C (2013) Nanomaterials 3:141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chen G, Dufresne A, Huang J, Chang PR (2009) Macromol Mater Eng 294:59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ciardelli G, Chiono V, Vozzi G, Pracella M, Ahluwalia A, Barbani N, Cristallini C, Giusti P (2005) Biomacromol 6:1961CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Coombes AGA, Rizzi SC, Williamson M, Barralet JE, Downes S, Wallace WA (2004) Biomaterials 25:315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Elen K, Murariu M, Peeters R, Dubois P, Mullens J, Hardy A, Van Bael MK (2012) Polym Adv Technol 23:1422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Eng CC, Ibrahim NA, Zainuddin N, Ariffin H, Yunus WMZW, Then YY, Teh CC (2013) Indian J Mater Sci 11 Google Scholar
  9. Fabbri P, Bondioli F, Messori M, Bartoli C, Dinucci D, Chiellini F (2010) J Mater Sci Mater Med 21:343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Goffin A-L, Habibi Y, Raquez J-M, Dubois P (2012) ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 4:3364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Habibi Y, Goffin A-L, Schiltz N, Duquesne E, Dubois P, Dufresne A (2008) J Mater Chem 18:5002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hassan ML, Bras J, Hassan EA, Fadel SM, Dufresne A (2012) J Appl Polymer Sci 125(S2):E10–E19.  https://doi.org/10.1002/app.36373 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kalia S, Dufresne A, Cherian BM, Kaith BS, Rous L, Njuguna J, Nassiopoulos E (2011) Int J Polymer SciGoogle Scholar
  14. Khan RA, Beck S, Dussault D, Salmieri S, Bouchard J, Lacroix M (2013) J Appl Polym Sci 129:3038CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ko P-T, Lee IC, Chen M-C, Tsai S-W (2015) J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 51:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Li X, Xing Y, Li W, Jiang Y, Ding Y (2010) Food Sci Technol Int 16:225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lin N, Dufresne A (2014) Eur Polymer J 59:302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Little U, Buchanan F, Harkin-Jones E, McCaigue M, Farrar D, Dickson G (2009) Polym Degrad Stab 94:213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lönnberg H, Zhou Q, Brumer H, Teeri TT, Malmström E, Hult A (2006) Biomacromol 7:2178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mir SH et al (2018) Organic-inorganic hybrid functional materials: an integrated platform for applied technologies. J Electrochem Soc 165.8:B3137-B315.  https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0191808jes Google Scholar
  21. Morais JPS, Rosa MDF, de Souza Filho MDSM, do Nascimento LD, Nascimento DM, Cassales AR (2013) Extraction and characterization of nanocellulose structures from raw cotton linter. Carbohyd Polym 91:229–235.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2012.08.010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Muñoz-Bonilla A, Cerrada M, Fernández-García M, Kubacka A, Ferrer M, Fernández-García M (2013) Int J Mol Sci 14:9249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nagarajan P, Rajagopalan V (2008) Sci Technol Adv Mater 9:035004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rosa DS, Guedes CGF, Bardi MAG (2007) Polym Testing 26:209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Roy RR, Roy RA, Roy DM (1986) Mater Lett 4:323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Shah S, Shiblee MNI, Rahman JMH et al (2018) Microsyst Technol 24:4341.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00542-018-3781-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Smita M, Sanjay NK, Kaith BS, Susheel K (2015) Polymer nanocomposites based on inorganic and organic nanomaterials. Wiley, New York, p 600Google Scholar
  28. Zak AK, Abrishami ME, Majid WHA, Yousefi R, Hosseini SM (2011) Ceram Int 37:393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Zhou C, Chu R, Wu R, Wu Q (2011) Biomacromol 12:2617CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Zoppe JO, Peresin MS, Habibi Y, Venditti RA, Rojas OJ (2009) ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 1:1996CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical System Engineering, Graduate School of Science and EngineeringYamagata UniversityYonezawaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Applied ChemistryShibaura Institute of TechnologyKoto CityJapan
  3. 3.Discipline of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of KwaZulu-NatalDurbanSouth Africa
  4. 4.CSIR/KZN, Biorefinery Industry Development Facility CentreDurbanSouth Africa
  5. 5.State Key Laboratory of Bio-Based Material and Green Papermaking (BMGP)Qilu University of TechnologyJinanChina

Personalised recommendations