Utilization of arterial pulse waveform analysis during non-cardiac surgery in Japan: a retrospective observational study using a nationwide claims database
Arterial pulse waveform analysis (APWA) is used for cardiac output monitoring. However, data on the frequency of and patient characteristics for specialized pressure transducer for APWA (S-APWA) use are lacking. We retrospectively identified 175,201 patients aged 18 years or older, who underwent non-cardiac surgery under general anesthesia with an arterial catheter from January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2016. We extracted data on patient demographics, comorbidities, surgical and anesthesia characteristics, and hospital characteristics. Among the full study cohort, 24,605 (14.0%) patients were monitored using S-APWA. Further, the use of S-APWA was higher in patients undergoing high-risk surgery than in those undergoing low-risk surgery [high vs low: adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 1.95; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.76–2.15, moderate vs low: aOR 1.11; 95% CI 1.01–1.22] and those with more comorbidities than in those with less comorbidities (high vs low: aOR 1.49; 95% CI 1.42–1.56, moderate vs low: aOR 1.25; 95% CI 1.20–1.31). S-APWA use was significantly associated with both surgery risk and patients’ comorbidities. In conclusion, our study may provide a benchmark for future studies related to the appropriate use of S-APWA.
KeywordsArterial pulse waveform analysis Goal-directed therapy FloTrac/Vigileo system Non-cardiac surgery Claims database
We acknowledge Professor Kazuhiko Fukuda, M.D., Ph.D. (affiliated with the Department of Anesthesia, Kyoto University Hospital, Kyoto, Japan) for his valuable comments on the study. We also thank Mr. Masaki Nakamura and staff at Medical Data Vision, Co, Ltd. (Tokyo, Japan) for data preparation assistance for free. We also thank Editage (http://www.editage.jp) for English language editing.
This study has received departmental funds from the Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, Graduate School of Medicine and Public Health, Kyoto University.
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