Advertisement

International Journal of Earth Sciences

, Volume 108, Issue 6, pp 2113–2128 | Cite as

Paleocene Neo-Tethyan slab rollback constrained by A1-type granitic intrusion in the Gaoligong–Tengliang–Yingjiang belt of the Eastern Himalayan Syntaxis, SE Tibet

  • Zheng Liu
  • Shi-Yong Liao
  • Shu-Cheng TanEmail author
  • Xiao-Hu He
  • Guo-Chang Wang
  • Dong-Bing Wang
  • Qing Zhou
Original Paper
  • 58 Downloads

Abstract

Slab rollback is one of the primary processes in shaping tectonic framework. However, in the Tibet–Himalaya orogen, the timing of the Neo-Tethyan slab rollback remains controversial. In this contribution, we investigated an early Paleocene (ca. 62 Ma) A1-type granitic intrusion (South Gongshan) from the Gaoligong–Tengliang–Yingjiang (GTY) area, SE Tibet. It is mainly characterized by high 10,000*Ga/Al ratios (4.0–9.1) and extremely high HFSEs contents (Zr + Nb + Ce + Y = 669–3146 ppm), with relatively low Y/Nb ratios (0.8–1.1). The samples collected from the intrusion exhibit high zircon εHf(t) (+1.1 to +5.7) and whole-rock εNd(t) values (− 0.8 to − 3.1). Geochemical data indicated that it was probably produced by extreme FC of asthenospheric mantle-derived basaltic magmas. Together with results from convergence rate between India and Asia, the emplacement of the South Gongshan intrusion was likely to be associated with a transition from flat to steep subduction triggered by the Neo-Tethyan slab rollback. We proposed that the Neo-Tethyan slab rollback beneath the GTY area might have occurred at ca. 62 Ma.

Keywords

A-type granite Neo-Tethys Slab rollback Paleocene SE Tibet 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Wolf-Christian Dullo (editor in chief), J.F. Moyen (topic editor), Bernard Bonin, and other anonymous reviewers for their thoughtful reviews and constructive comments. This study is financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants 41703022), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (lzujbky-2018-52), Joint Foundation Project between Yunnan Science and Technology Department and Yunnan University (Grants C176240210019) and Geology Discipline Construction Project of Yunnan University (Grants C176210227).

Supplementary material

531_2019_1752_MOESM1_ESM.docx (19 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 19 kb)
531_2019_1752_MOESM2_ESM.doc (36 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOC 36 kb)

References

  1. Chen Z, Burchfiel BC, Liu Y, King RW, Royden LH, Tang W, Wang E, Zhao J, Zhang X (2000) Global positioning system measurements from eastern Tibet and their implications for India/Eurasia intercontinental deformation. J Geophys Res 105(B7):16215–16227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chen L, Qin KZ, Li GM, Li JX, Xiao JX, Zhao JX, Fan X (2015a) Zircon U-Pb ages, geochemistry, and Sr–Nd–Pb–Hf isotopes of the Nuri intrusive rocks in the Gangdese area, southern Tibet: constraints on timing, petrogenesis, and tectonic transformation. Lithos 212–215:379–396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chen XC, Hu RZ, Bi XW, Zhong H, Lan JB, Zhao CH, Zhu JJ (2015b) Petrogenesis of metaluminous A-type granitoids in the Tengchong-Lianghe tin belt of southwestern China: evidences from zircon U-Pb ages and Hf-O isotopes, and whole-rock Sr–Nd isotopes. Lithos 212–215:93–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chu MF, Chung SL, Song B, Liu DY, O’Reilly SY, Pearson NJ, Ji JQ, Wen DJ (2006) Zircon U-Pb and Hf isotope constraints on the Mesozoic tectonics and crustal evolution of southern Tibet. Geology 34:745–748CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chung SL, Chu MF, Zhang YQ, Xie YW, Lo CH, Lee TY, Lan CY, Li XH, Wang YZ (2005) Tibetan tectonic evolution inferred from spatial and temporal variations in post-collisional magmatism. Earth Sci Rev 68:173–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Clemens JD, Holloway JR, White AJR (1986) Origin of an A-type granite: experimental constraints. Am Mineral 71:317–324Google Scholar
  7. Collins WJ, Beams SD, White AJR, Chappell BW (1982) Nature and origin of A-type granites with particular reference to southeastern Australia. Contrib Mineral Petrol 80:189–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Creaser RA, Price RC, Wormald RJ (1991) A-type granites revisited: assessment of a residual source model. Geology 19:163–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dall’Agnol R, Oliveira DC (2007) Oxidized, magnetite-series, rapakivi-type granites of Carajás, Brazil:implications for classification and petrogenesis of A-type granites. Lithos 93:215–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Eby GN (1990) The A-type granitoids: a review of their occurrence and chemical characteristics and speculations on their petrogenesis. Lithos 26:115–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Eby GN (1992) Chemical subdivision of the A-type granitoids: petrogenetic and tectonic implications. Geology 20:641–644CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Frost BR, Barnes CG, Collins WJ, Arculus RJ, Ellis DJ, Frost CD (2001) A geochemical classification for granitic rocks. J Petrol 42:2033–2048CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gibbons AD, Barckhausen U, Bogaard PVD, Hoernle K, Werner R, Whittaker JM, Müller RD (2012) Constraining the Jurassic extent of Greater India: tectonic evolution of the West Australian margin. Geochem Geophys Geosyst 13:Q05W13Google Scholar
  14. Gvirtzman Z, Nur A (1999) The formation of Mount Etna as the consequence of slab rollback. Nature 401:782–785CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hu XM, Garzanti E, Wang JG, Huang WT, An W, Webb A (2016) The timing of India–Asia collision onset-Facts, theories, controversies. Earth Sci Rev 160:264–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Huang HQ, Li XH, Li WX, Li ZX (2011) Formation of high δ18O fayalite-bearing A-type granite by high temperature melting of granulitic metasedimentary rocks, southern China. Geology 39:903–906CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jiang YH, Wang GC, Qing L, Zhu SQ, Ni CY (2017) Early Jurassic A-type granites in Southeast China: shallow dehydration melting of Early Paleozoic granitoids by basaltic magma intraplating. J Geol 125:351–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jiang JS, Zheng YY, Gao SB, Zhang YC, Huang J, Liu J, Wu S, Xu J, Huang LL (2018a) The newly-discovered Late Cretaceous igneous rocks in the Nuocang district: products of ancient crust melting triggered by Neo-Tethyan slab rollback in the western Gangdese. Lithos 308–309:294–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Jiang XY, Li H, Ding X, Wu K, Guo J, Liu JQ, Sun WD (2018b) Formation of A-type granites in the lower Yangtze River Belt: a perspective from apatite geochemistry. Lithos 304–307:125–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kerr A, Fryer BJ (1993) Nd isotopic evidence for crust-mantle interaction in the generation of A-type granitoid suites in Labrador, Canada. Chem Geol 104:39–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kumar P, Yuan XH, Kumar MR, Kind R, Li XQ, Chadha RK (2007) The rapid drift of the Indian tectonic plate. Nature 449:894–897CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lee TY, Lawver LA (1995) Cenozoic plate reconstruction of Southeast Asia. Tectonophysics 251:85–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lee H-Y, Chung SL, Wang JR (2003) Miocene Jiali faulting and implications for Tibet tectonic evolution. Earth Plane Sci Lett 205:185–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Liu HC, Wang YJ, Cawood PA, Guo XF (2017) Episodic slab rollback and back-arc extension in the Yunnan-Burma region: insights from Cretaceous Nb-enriched and oceanic-island basalt-like mafic rocks. Geol Soc Am Bull 129(5–6):698–714.  https://doi.org/10.1130/B31604.1 Google Scholar
  25. Ma L, Wang Q, Li ZX, Wyman DA, Jiang ZQ, Yang JH, Gou GN, Guo HF (2013a) Early Late Cretaceous (ca. 93 Ma) norites and hornblendites in the Milin area, eastern Gangdese: lithosphere-asthenosphere interaction during slab roll-back and an insight into early Late Cretaceous (ca. 100–80 Ma) magmatic “flare-up”in southern Lhasa (Tibet). Lithos 172–173:17–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ma L, Wang Q, Wyman DA, Li ZX, Jiang ZQ, Yang JH, Gou GN, Guo HF (2013b) Late Cretaceous (100–89 Ma) magnesian charnockites with adakitic affinities in the Milin area, eastern Gangdese: partial melting of subducted oceanic crust and implications for crustal growth in southern Tibet. Lithos 175–176:315–332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ma XX, Xu ZQ, Meert JG (2017) Syn-convergence extension in the southern Lhasa terrane: evidence from late Cretaceous adakitic granodiorite and coeval gabbroic-dioritic dykes. J Geodyn 110:12–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. McDonough WF, Sun SS (1995) The composition of the Earth. Chem Geol 120:223–253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Molnar P, England P, Martinod J (1993) Mantle dynamics, the uplift of the Tibetan plateau, and the Indian Monsoon. Rev Geophys 31:357–396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Patiño Douce AE (1997) Generation of metaluminous A-type granites by low-pressure melting of calc-alkaline granitoids. Geology 25:743–746CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Patiño Douce AE, Beard JS (1995) Dehydration-melting of biotite gneiss and quartz amphibolite from 3 to 15 kbar. J Petrol 36:707–738CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Pearce JA, Harris NBW, Tindle AG (1984) Trace element discrimination diagrams for the tectonic interpretation of granitic rocks. J Petrol 25:956–983CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Qi XX, Zhu LH, Grimmer JC, Hu ZC (2015) Tracing the Transhimalayan magmatic belt and the Lhasa block southward using zircon U-Pb, Lu-Hf isotopic and geochemical data: Cretaceous-Cenozoic granitoids in the Tengchong block, Yunnan, China. J Asian Earth Sci 110:170–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Rudnick RL, Gao S (2003) Composition of the continental crust. In: Rudnick RL, Holland HD, Turekian KK (eds) The crust. Treatise on geochemistry, vol 3. Elsevier-Pergamum, Oxford, pp 1–64.  https://doi.org/10.1016/B0-08-043751-6/03016-4
  35. Rutter MJ, Wyllie PJ (1988) Melting of vapour-absent tonalite at 10 kbar to simulate dehydration melting in the deep crust. Nature 331:159–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Shi YR, Anderson JL, Wu ZH, Yang ZY, Li LL, Ding J (2016) Age and origin of Early Paleozoic and Mesozoic granitoids in western Yunnan Province, China: geochemistry, SHRIMP zircon ages, and Hf-in-zircon isotopic compositions. J Geol 124:617–630CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Sun SS, McDonough WF (1989) Chemical and isotopic systematics of oceanic basalts: implications for mantle composition and processes. Geol Soc Lond Spec Publ 42:313–345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Taylor SR, McLennan SM (1985) The continental crust: its composition and evolution. Blcakwell, Oxford, p 312Google Scholar
  39. Van Hinsbergen DJJ, Steinberger B, Doubrovine PV, Gassmöller R (2011) Acceleration and deceleration of India–Asia convergence since the Cretaceous: roles of mantle plumes and continental collision. J Geophys Res 116:B06101Google Scholar
  40. Wang Q, Zhang PZ, Freymueller JT et al (2001) Present-day crustal deformation in China constrained by global positioning system measurements. Science 294:574–577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wang YJ, Fan WM, Zhang YH, Peng TP, Cheng XY, Xu YG (2006) Early Oligocene rotational extrusion on the east of India: structural and 40Ar/39Ar geochronological evidences from the ductile fault systems surrounding southeastern Tibetan syntaxis (western Yunnan). Tectonophysics 418:235–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Wang R, Richards JP, Hou ZQ, An F, Creaser RA (2015a) Zircon U-Pb age and Sr–Nd–Hf–O isotope geochemistry of the Paleocene-Eocene igneous rocks in western Gangdese: evidence for the timing of Neo-Tethyan slab breakoff. Lithos 224–225:179–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Wang YJ, Li SB, Ma LY, Fan WM, Cai YF, Zhang YH, Zhang FF (2015b) Geochronological and geochemical constraints on the petrogenesis of Early Eocene metagabbroic rocks in Nabang (SW Yunnan) and its implications on the Neotethyan slab subduction. Gondwana Res 27:1474–1486CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wang DB, Wang BD, Yin FG, Sun ZM (2019) Petrogenesis and tectonic implications of Late Mesoproterozoic A1- and A2-type felsic lavas from the Huili Group, southwestern Yangtze Block. Geol Mag.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0016756818000882 Google Scholar
  45. Watson EB, Harrison TM (1983) Zircon saturation revisited: temperature and composition effects in a variety of crustal magma types. Earth Planet Sci Lett 64:295–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wen DR, Liu DY, Chung SL, Chu MF, Ji JQ, Zhang Q, Song B, Lee TY, Yeh MW, Lo CH (2008) Zircon SHRIMP U-Pb ages of the Gangdese batholith and implications for Neotethyan subduction in southern Tibet. Chem Geol 252:191–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Whalen JB, Currie KL, Chappell BW (1987) A-type granites: geochemical characteristics, discrimination and petrogenesis. Contrib Mineral Petrol 95:407–419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Wickham SM, Alberts AD, Litvinovsky BA, Bindeman IN, Schauble EA (1996) A stable isotope study of anorogenic magmatism in East Central Asia. J Petrol 37:1063–1095CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Wu FY, Huang BC, Ye K, Fang AM (2008) Collapsed Himalaya–Tibetan orogen and the rising Tibetan Plateau. Acta Petrol Sinica 24:1–30 (In Chinese with English abstract) Google Scholar
  50. Xu YG, Lan JB, Yang QJ, Huang XL, Qiu HN (2008) Eocene break-off of the Neo-Tethyan slab as inferred from intraplate-type mafic dykes in the Gaoligong orogenic belt, eastern Tibet. Chem Geol 255:439–453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Xu YG, Yang QJ, Lan JB, Luo ZY, Huang XL, Shi YR, Xie LW (2012) Temporal-spatial distribution and tectonic implications of the batholiths in the Gaoligong–Tengliang–Yingjiang area, western Yunnan: constraints from zircon U-Pb ages and Hf isotopes. J Asian Earth Sci 53:151–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Yin A, Harrison TM (2000) Geologic evolution of the Himalayan–Tibetan orogen. Ann Rev Earth Planet Sci 28:211–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Yin A, Nie SY (1996) A Phanerozoic palinspastic reconstruction of China and its neighboring regions. In: Yin A, Harrison M (eds) The tectonic evolution of Asia. University Press, Cambridge, pp 442–484Google Scholar
  54. Zhao SW, Lai SC, Qin JF, Zhu RZ (2016) Petrogenesis of Eocene granitoids and microgranular enclaves in the western Tengchong Block: constraints on eastward subduction of the Neo-Tethys. Lithos 264:96–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Zhou Q, Liu Z, Yang L, Wang GC, Liao ZW, Li YX, Wu JY, Wang SW, Qing CS (2018) Petrogenesis of mafic and felsic rocks from the Comei large igneous province, South Tibet: implications for the initial activity of Kerguelen plume. Geol Soc Am Bull 130:811–824CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Zhu B, Kidd WSF, Rowley DB, Curries BS, Shafique N (2005) Age of initiation of the India–Asia collision in the East-Central Himalaya. J Geol 113:265–285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Zhu RZ, Lai SC, Qin JF, Zhao SW (2015) Early-Cretaceous highly fractionated I-type granites from the northern Tengchong block, western Yunnan, SW China: petrogenesis and tectonic implications. J Asian Earth Sci 100:145–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Zhu DC, Wang Q, Zhao ZD (2017) Constraining quantitatively the timing and process of continent-continent collision using magmatic record: method and examples. Sci China Earth Sci 60:1040–1056CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Zhu RZ, Lai SC, Qin JF, Zhao SW (2018) Early-Cretaceous syenites and granites in the Northeastern Tengchong Block, SW China: petrogenesis and tectonic implications. Acta Geol Sinica 92:1349–1365 (In Chinese with English abstract) CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Geologische Vereinigung e.V. (GV) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Resource Environment and Earth ScienceYunnan UniversityKunmingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Planetary Sciences, Purple Mountain ObservatoryChinese Academy of SciencesNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Yunnan Key Laboratory For PalaeobiologyYunnan UniversityKunmingPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Chengdu CenterChinese Geological SurveyChengduPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations