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Investigation of different sources in order to optimize the nuclear metering system of gas–oil–water annular flows

  • A. Karami
  • G. H. Roshani
  • A. Khazaei
  • E. Nazemi
  • M. Fallahi
Original Article
  • 22 Downloads

Abstract

The used metering technique in this paper is based on the multienergy (at least dual) gamma-ray attenuation. The aim of the current study is investigation of different combinations of sources in order to find the best combination for precise metering gas, oil and water percentages in annular three-phase flows. The required data were generated numerically using Monte Carlo N Particle extended (MCNPX) code. As a matter of fact, the current investigation devotes to predict the volume fractions in the annular three-phase flow, on the basis of a multienergy metering system including different radiation sources and one sodium iodide detector, using the hybrid model. Since the summation of volume fractions is constant, a constraint modeling problem exists, meaning that the hybrid model must predict only two volume fractions. Six hybrid models associated with the number of applied radiation sources are employed. The models are applied to predict the oil and gas volume fractions. For the next step, the hybrid models are trained based on numerically obtained data from the MCNPX code. The results show that the best prediction results are obtained for the oil and gas volume fractions of a system with the (241Am & 137Cs) radiation sources.

Keywords

Annular regime Three-phase flow Volume fraction Intelligent integrated system Gray wolf optimization (GWO) algorithm 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

521_2018_3673_MOESM1_ESM.docx (31 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 31 kb)

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Copyright information

© The Natural Computing Applications Forum 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentRazi UniversityKermanshahIran
  2. 2.Electrical Engineering DepartmentKermanshah University of TechnologyKermanshahIran
  3. 3.Young Researchers and Elite Club, Kermanshah BranchIslamic Azad UniversityKermanshahIran

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