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Assessment of health-related quality of life among parents of children with solid tumors in Serbia

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Abstract

Purpose

The aim of the study was to assess health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and contributing factors among parents of children with solid tumors in Serbia.

Methods

The cross-sectional study included 51 parents of children treated for different solid tumors at the Institute of Oncology and Radiology of Serbia. Parents filled out validated Serbian version of SF-36 questionnaire. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was conducted to identify predictors of total score of SF-36.

Results

Almost all parents (94.1%) were mothers and average age was 38.6 ± 6.7 years. Majority of children had brain tumors (43.1%), followed by bone tumors (37.3%). The hierarchical regression analysis showed that socio-demographic characteristics explained 26% of the variance (p > 0.05) of the total score of SF-36. Addition of quality of life of children assessed by parents in the second model caused an increase of 21% in the variance explained (p < 0.05). After adding the Beck Depression Inventory score in the third block, an additional 18% of the variance in total score was explained (p < 0.05).

Conclusions

This study showed that HRQoL measured by SF-36 in parents of children with cancer is strongly influenced by depression and quality of life of children assessed by parents.

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Funding

This investigation was supported by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia (Grant No. 175087).

Author information

Correspondence to Tatjana Pekmezovic.

Ethics declarations

Following detailed information about the aims of the study, all parents signed inform consent for participation in the research and all of them accepted to take a part in the investigation. Study was approved by the Ethical Commission of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Ilic, V., Nikitovic, M., Maric, G. et al. Assessment of health-related quality of life among parents of children with solid tumors in Serbia. Support Care Cancer (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-020-05348-6

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Keywords

  • Health-related quality of life
  • Childhood cancer
  • Parents
  • Hierarchical regression analysis