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Dental treatment needs in hospitalized cancer patients: a retrospective cohort study

  • Maria Cecilia Querido de Oliveira
  • Beatriz Nascimento F. Lebre Martins
  • Alan Roger Santos-Silva
  • César Rivera
  • Pablo Agustin Vargas
  • Márcio Ajudarte Lopes
  • Aljomar Jose Vechiato-Filho
  • Thaís Bianca Brandão
  • Ana Carolina Prado-RibeiroEmail author
Original Article
  • 7 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

The objectives of this study were to describe the distribution and the clinicopathological features of the most common causes for dental treatment needs during the hospitalization of cancer patients.

Methods

A retrospective cohort study of 2664 hospitalized cancer patients that analyzed the main dental treatment needs and dental procedures performed from January 2010 to December 2017.

Results

A total of 2664 medical patients were included in this study. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (17.2%) was the most common cancer type, followed by leukemia (14.8%), and oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (10.5%). The most common reasons for patients’ hospitalization were chemotherapy protocols (18.8%), monitoring head and neck surgeries (9.7%), and febrile neutropenia (9.6%). The main motivation for the medical team to request dental evaluation was oral mucositis (22.8%) followed by oral pain or toothache (10.8%) and fungal, viral oral infections or traumatic oral lesions (9.9%). The dental treatment needs most observed were pain due to oral mucositis (17%), dental treatment prior to radiotherapy (RT), chemotherapy (CT) or bisphosphonate therapy (BP) (10.8%), teeth extractions (6.5%), and prophylactic photobiomodulation therapy (6.3%), whereas the most common dental treatments performed were oral hygiene protocols (30.2%), photobiomodulation therapy (prophylactic and curative) (21.7%), and dental treatment prior to cancer treatment initiation (RT, CT, and BP) (9.5%).

Conclusion

This study can be considered original in the oncologic context, providing new information about the most frequent dental treatment needs among a large population of hospitalized cancer patients.

Keywords

Mouth neoplasms Oral squamous cell carcinoma Oral mucositis Oral dental care 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

The present study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the School of Medicine of the University of Sao Paulo (Protocol no. 2.580.090), Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Control of the Data

The authors have full control of all primary data and agree to allow the journal to review our data if requested.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Cecilia Querido de Oliveira
    • 1
    • 2
  • Beatriz Nascimento F. Lebre Martins
    • 1
  • Alan Roger Santos-Silva
    • 1
  • César Rivera
    • 3
  • Pablo Agustin Vargas
    • 1
  • Márcio Ajudarte Lopes
    • 1
  • Aljomar Jose Vechiato-Filho
    • 2
  • Thaís Bianca Brandão
    • 4
  • Ana Carolina Prado-Ribeiro
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Oral Diagnosis Department, Piracicaba Dental SchoolUNICAMPPiracicabaBrazil
  2. 2.Serviço de Odontologia OncológicaInstituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo, ICESP-FMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Basic Biomedical SciencesUniversidad de TalcaTalcaChile
  4. 4.Odontologia Oncológica D’orSão PauloBrazil

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