Early platelet variation during concomitant chemo-radiotherapy predicts adjuvant temozolomide-induced thrombocytopenia in newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients
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Temozolomide (TMZ) is known to induce thrombocytopenia but no early predictive test has yet been clearly established. The aim of the study was to retrospectively identify and validate a threshold of early platelet variation predicting TMZ-induced thrombocytopenia during the TMZ phase in patients treated according to the Stupp protocol for glioblastoma.
A training set was used to analyze variations in platelet count occurring from the first week (W1) to week 6 (W6) during radiotherapy. Our aim was to identify the most relevant platelet decrease associated with TMZ-induced thrombocytopenia ≤ 100 G/L at day 28 during the TMZ phase. The performance of the threshold was confirmed in an independent validation set.
Overall, 147 patients were included, 85 and 62 in the training and validation sets, respectively. Twenty-seven patients (18%) experienced at least one TMZ-induced thrombocytopenia in the TMZ phase. A platelet decrease at W6 ≥ 35% (∆W6 ≥ 35%) was identified as the best predictive variation with an AUC of 0.83, a sensitivity of 65%, and a specificity of 96%. In the validation set, ∆W6 ≥ 35% platelet variation was identified as an independent marker of TMZ-induced thrombocytopenia during the TMZ phase (OR 15.23 (95% CI 3.5–107.5)) corresponding to sensitivity of 77% (66–87%), specificity of 73% (62–84%), a positive predictive value of 42% (29–54%), and a negative predictive value of 92% (86–99%).
Platelet decrease at W6 ≥ 35% during the RT-TMZ phase is an early and simple predictive marker of clinically relevant TMZ-induced thrombocytopenia during TMZ maintenance.
KeywordsGlioblastoma Temozolomide Thrombocytopenia Early platelet variation
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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