Soft Computing

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 527–536 | Cite as

Fuzzy matching: multi-authority attribute searchable encryption without central authority

  • Binrui Zhu
  • Jiameng Sun
  • Jing QinEmail author
  • Jixin Ma
Methodologies and Application


Attribute-based keyword search (ABKS) supports the access control on the search result based upon fuzzy identity over encrypted data, when the search operation is performed over outsourced encrypted data in cloud. However, almost ABKS schemes trust a single authority to monitor the attribute key for users. In practice, we usually have different entities responsible for monitoring different attribute keys to a user. Thus, it is not realistic to trust a single authority to monitor all attributes keys for ABKS scheme in practical situation. Although a large body of ABKS schemes have been proposed, few works have been done on multi-authority attribute searchable encryption. We propose a multi-authority attribute searchable encryption without central authority in this paper. Comparing previous ABKS schemes, we extend the single-authority ABKS scheme to multi-authority ABKS scheme and remove the central authority in multi-authority ABKS scheme. We analyze our scheme in terms of security and efficiency.


Multi-authority Cloud computing Searchable encryption Attribute-based encryption Fuzzy identity 



This work is supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 61272091 and 61772311.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of MathematicsShandong UniversityJinanChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Information Security Institute of Information EngineeringChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.School of Computing and Mathematical SciencesUniversity of GreenwichLondonUK

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