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Inter-relationship between intercepted radiation and rice yield influenced by transplanting time, method, and variety

  • Priyanka GautamEmail author
  • B. Lal
  • A. K. Nayak
  • R. Raja
  • B. B. Panda
  • R. Tripathi
  • M. Shahid
  • U. Kumar
  • M. J. Baig
  • D. Chatterjee
  • C. K. Swain
Original Paper
  • 43 Downloads

Abstract

Photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) is one of the most important environmental factors that determine the productivity and grain quality of the crops. Continuous rainy days or cloudy weather throughout crop growth especially at critical stages often resulted in great loss of grain quality and yield in rice. Low light stress has rigorously constrained the rice production in various rice-growing regions, especially in Southeast Asia. Method and time of planting are the major management factors contributing to the higher yield potential of rice by influencing light harvesting and use efficiency. Present study was executed consecutively for 5 years (kharif seasons of 2012–2016) to determine whether planting time improves the radiation absorption and use efficiency in different duration rice cultivars. We evaluated the difference in plant growth and development leading to yield formation under different planting time which related to radiation incidence and interception. The results of the study revealed that PAR interception depends on morphological characters of cultivars and also with agronomic management such as transplanting time and method. Long duration cultivar intercepted more PAR but interception decreased due to late planting (3rd week of July), whereas short duration cultivars (Naveen) when planted earlier (1st week of June) could not effectively utilize intercepted PAR constraining the biomass accumulation and yield formation. Effect of planting density and crop architecture on PAR absorption was apparent among establishment methods as light interception at crop canopy was highest in the system of rice intensification and lowest in that of wet direct seeding. In general, Pooja as a long duration cultivar intercepted more PAR per day but when compared on same date of planting, the comparative absorption of radiation was 30.6% higher in Naveen. The lower yields in the wet season are attributed mostly to reduction in grain number per panicle or per unit land area, which is a consequence of high spikelet sterility. Grain yield of rice planted in July third week was reduced by 3.8, 12.3, and 6.9% over June first and third week and July first week, respectively, mainly due to spikelet sterility (26%) and lower grains per panicle (18%). Our results indicated that agronomic management like optimum time of sowing, cultivar duration, and establishment methods should be followed for yield improvement in tropical lowlands where light intensity is limiting due to prevailing weather situations.

Keywords

Cultivars PAR Radiation-use efficiency Radiation absorption Time of planting 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors are grateful to Director, ICAR-National Rice Research Institute for providing necessary facilities for this study. Authors are also grateful to the reviewers for improving the manuscript.

Supplementary material

484_2018_1667_MOESM1_ESM.docx (14 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 13 kb)

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Copyright information

© ISB 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Priyanka Gautam
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • B. Lal
    • 1
    • 3
  • A. K. Nayak
    • 1
  • R. Raja
    • 1
  • B. B. Panda
    • 1
  • R. Tripathi
    • 1
  • M. Shahid
    • 1
  • U. Kumar
    • 1
  • M. J. Baig
    • 4
  • D. Chatterjee
    • 1
  • C. K. Swain
    • 1
  1. 1.Crop Production DivisionICAR-National Rice Research InstituteCuttackIndia
  2. 2.ICAR-National Research Center on CamelBikanerIndia
  3. 3.ICAR-Central Sheep & Wool Research InstituteAvikanagarIndia
  4. 4.Crop Physiology and Biochemistry DivisionICAR-National Rice Research InstituteCuttackIndia

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