A simulated geomagnetic storm unsynchronizes with diurnal geomagnetic variation affecting calpain activity in roach and great pond snail

  • Viacheslav V. KrylovEmail author
  • N. P. Kantserova
  • L. A. Lysenko
  • E. A. Osipova
Original Paper


It has been suggested that geomagnetic storms could be perceived by organisms via disruption of naturally occurring diurnal geomagnetic variation. This variation, in turn, is viewed by way of a zeitgeber for biological circadian rhythms. The biological effects of a geomagnetic storm, therefore, could depend on the local time of day when its main phase occurs. We have assessed calpain activity in tissues of roach (Rutilus rutilus) and great pond snail (Limnaea stagnalis) after exposure to a simulated geomagnetic storm, reproduced at different times of day, in order to evaluate this hypothesis. Significant decrease in calpain activity was observed in organisms exposed to the simulated geomagnetic storm whose main phase, and initial period of a recovery phase, did not coincide with the expected peak of diurnal geomagnetic variation. The results obtained are considered an experimental confirmation of the aforementioned hypothesis. Improvement of a correlative approach for the assessment of biological effects of geomagnetic activity can be achieved by considering information on the synchronization of geomagnetic storm’s main phase with diurnal geomagnetic variation.


Geomagnetic activity Circadian rhythm Zeitgeber Calpain activity Rutilus rutilus Limnaea stagnalis 


Funding information

The research was made in the frame of the state budgetary theme # АААА-А18-118012690222-4 (experiments on geomagnetic disturbances reproduction) and # 0221-2017-0050 (calpain activity assay).


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Copyright information

© ISB 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.I.D. Papanin Institute for Biology of Inland Waters of Russian Academy of SciencesNekouzRussian Federation
  2. 2.The Institute of Biology, Karelian Research Centre of Russian Academy of SciencesPetrozavodskRussian Federation

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