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Can childhood obesity influence later chronic kidney disease?

  • Lyda Jadresic
  • Richard J. Silverwood
  • Sanjay Kinra
  • Dorothea Nitsch
Review
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. What’s New in Chronic Kidney Disease

Abstract

Childhood overweight and obesity affects more and more children. Whilst associations of childhood overweight with later outcomes such as hypertension, diabetes and cardiovascular disease have been well documented, less is known about the association of childhood overweight and obesity with kidney disease. We review the existing evidence for the association of childhood obesity with markers of childhood and adult kidney disease. Whilst there is some evidence for an association, studies have not been able to distinguish between childhood being a sensitive time to develop later kidney problems, or whether observed associations of childhood obesity with poor outcomes are driven by greater lifelong exposure to obesity.

Keywords

Body mass index Childhood Obesity Overweight Kidney disease Review 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Support and financial disclosure declaration

This work was supported by Kidney Research UK (grant number RP34/2009) to RJS and DN.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© IPNA 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PaediatricsGloucestershire Royal HospitalGloucesterUK
  2. 2.Department of Medical Statistics, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population HealthLondon School of Hygiene and Tropical MedicineLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population HealthLondon School of Hygiene and Tropical MedicineLondonUK

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