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Pediatric Nephrology

, Volume 21, Issue 8, pp 1167–1170 | Cite as

Severe cardiac hypertrophy and long-term dialysis: the Midwest Pediatric Nephrolgy Consortium study

  • Mark M. MitsnefesEmail author
  • Gina M. Barletta
  • Ian G. Dresner
  • Deepa H. Chand
  • Denis Geary
  • Jen-Jar Lin
  • Hiren Patel
Original Article

Abstract

Cross-sectional studies have demonstrated that left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is common in children on maintenance dialysis. We report the echocardiogram results of 17 children from seven centers in the Midwest Pediatric Nephrology Consortium who have spent at least 2 years on maintenance dialysis and had three consecutive echocardiograms: at initiation of dialysis therapy and 1 and 2 years later. The results indicate that LVH is prevalent at the initiation of dialysis (82%) and remains both frequent (82%) and severe (59%) after 2 years of maintenance dialysis. Normalization of LV geometry was unlikely: the prevalence of concentric LVH increased and the prevalence of eccentric LVH did not change over time, indicating poor blood pressure and volume status control in these patients. We conclude that children on maintenance dialysis are at high risk for future cardiovascular disease.

Keywords

Cardiovascular disease Children Dialysis Left ventricular hypertrophy 

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Copyright information

© IPNA 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark M. Mitsnefes
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gina M. Barletta
    • 2
  • Ian G. Dresner
    • 3
  • Deepa H. Chand
    • 4
  • Denis Geary
    • 5
  • Jen-Jar Lin
    • 6
  • Hiren Patel
    • 7
  1. 1.Division of Nephrology and HypertensionCincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA
  2. 2.DeVos Children’s HospitalGrand RapidsUSA
  3. 3.Akron Children’s HospitalAkronUSA
  4. 4.The Cleveland ClinicClevelandUSA
  5. 5.The Hospital for Sick ChildrenTorontoCanada
  6. 6.University of MichiganMichiganUSA
  7. 7.Columbus Children’s HospitalColumbusUSA

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