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Hand-assisted laparoscopic splenectomy for ruptured spleen

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Although the laparoscopic technique is an accepted method for elective splenectomy, it is controversial in the setting of trauma. A few reports have described laparoscopic splenorrhaphy for trauma, but none have performed laparoscopic splenectomy for splenic rupture. When the spleen is injured, vascular control and poor visibility due to bleeding present obstacles to laparoscopy. The development of the hand-assist device has helped surgeons make the transition from laparotomy to laparoscopy because of the advantages it provides, such as tactile sensation and immediate vascular control. We utilized these benefits of the hand-assist device to convert a laparoscopic operation to a hand-assisted laparoscopic operation and were thus able to avoid a laparotomy. We report a case in which the hand-assist device was used as an alternative to conversion during a laparoscopic splenectomy for ruptured spleen.

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Correspondence to C. J. Ren or B. Salky or M. Reiner.

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Ren, C.J., Salky, B. & Reiner, M. Hand-assisted laparoscopic splenectomy for ruptured spleen. Surg Endosc 15, 324 (2001).

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Key words

  • Splenectomy
  • Trauma
  • Hand-assisted laparoscopy
  • Laparoscopy
  • Spleen