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Shorter postoperative atony after laparoscopic-assisted colonic resection?

An animal study

Abstract

Background

The duration of the postoperative ileus after laparoscopic surgery remains a controversial topic. The aim of our study was to compare the restoration of intestinal motility after laparoscopically assisted and conventional resection of the distal colon in a canine model.

Methods

Two weeks after the implantation of three electrodes on the jejunum, the distal colon was resected in a laparoscopic-assisted or conventional procedure in two groups of four dogs each. Gastrointestinal motility was monitored by registration of the electromyograhic activity of the small intestine and by intermittent fluoroscopies of radiopaque markers.

Results

Electrical activity in the early postoperative period was characterized by the basic electrical rhythm and the absence of spike activity. The first postoperative activity front of the migrating motility complex (MMC), indicating the restoration of motility, occurred significantly earlier after laparoscopic-assisted resection (4.5±1 hr) than after conventional resection (31±10 h). Radiological observations showed a significantly delayed gastric emptying and a prolonged transit of radiopaque markers to the rectum after open surgery.

Conclusion

These results support the hypothesis that laparoscopic-assisted resection of the colon leads to a shortened postoperative atony in comparison to open surgery.

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Author information

Correspondence to A. Tittel.

Additional information

Online publication: 13 March 2001

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Tittel, A., Schippers, E., Anurov, M. et al. Shorter postoperative atony after laparoscopic-assisted colonic resection?. Surg Endosc 15, 508–512 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1007/s004640000270

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Key words

  • Gastrointestinal motility
  • Laparoscopy
  • Laparotomy
  • Comparative animal study
  • Colonic resection
  • Canine model