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Laparoscopic versus open pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors: a single-center experience

  • Hanbaro Kim
  • Ki Byung Song
  • Dae Wook Hwang
  • Jae Hoon Lee
  • Shadi Alshammary
  • Song Cheol KimEmail author
Article

Abstract

Background

The efficacy and outcomes of laparoscopic resection for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) are well established; however, specific data regarding the outcomes of laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (L-PD) are limited. The purpose of the present study was to compare the clinical and oncological outcomes following L-PD versus open PD (O-PD) in patients with PNETs.

Methods

This retrospective study included 149 patients with PNETs who underwent PD at the Asan Medical Center between January 2006 and December 2017. In 58 patients, a laparoscopic approach was used (L-PD group), and in 91, an open technique was used (O-PD group).

Results

The mean operative time was longer in the L-PD group than in the O-PD group (417.4 min vs. 362.2 min; p = 0.002), and the mean duration of postoperative stay was shorter in the L-PD group (12.6 days vs. 17.8 days; p < 0.001). The estimated blood loss (433.2 ml vs. 415.0 ml; p = 0.824) and the overall complication rate (34.5% vs. 38.5%; p = 0.624) did not significantly differ between the two groups. Regarding the oncological outcomes, there were no significant differences in the resection margins, tumor size, tumor grading, or T/N stage. The number of harvested lymph nodes in the L-PD group was lower than that in the O-PD group (7.1 vs. 10.8; p = 0.002). The 3-year overall survival rate was 91.9% in the L-PD group and 93.6% in the O-PD group (p = 0.974). The 3-year disease-free survival rate was 94.8% in the L-PD group and 86.7% in the O-PD group (p = 0.225).

Conclusions

L-PD is feasible for the treatment of PNETs in selected patients and has the advantages of short recovery time and reduced hospital stay. The survival rate was similar in both groups; however, due to the difference in the harvested lymph nodes, a randomized trial should confirm the oncological safety of L-PD for PNETs.

Keywords

Pancreatic NET Laparoscopy Pancreaticoduodenectomy 

Notes

Funding

This study was supported by a Grant of the Korean Health Technology R&D Project, Ministry of Health & Welfare, South Korea (Grant Number: HI14C2640).

Compliance with ethical standards

Disclosures

Hanbaro Kim, Ki Byung Song, Dae Wook Hwang, Jae Hoon Lee, Shadi Alshammary, and Song Cheol Kim have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Surgery, College of MedicineHallym UniversityChuncheonSouth Korea
  2. 2.Division of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Department of SurgeryUniversity of Ulsan College of Medicine and Asan Medical CenterSongpa-guSouth Korea
  3. 3.Department of Surgery, College of MedicineImam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia

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