Patterns of hospital utilization after elective minimally invasive foregut surgery

  • Anahita D. Jalilvand
  • Monet McNally
  • Patricia Belle
  • Kyle A. PerryEmail author
2019 SAGES Oral



Post-operative non-urgent hospital visits (NUR-HV) are an important quality target for reducing unnecessary healthcare utilization. The primary objective of this study was to characterize 90-day post-operative hospital use and determine independent predictors for NUR-HV and urgent (UR)-HV after elective laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair (LPEHR) and Nissen Fundoplication (LNF).


Five hundred and sixty-two primary LPEHR and LNF patients were retrospectively reviewed at a single institution. Ninety-day NUR-HV and UR-HV were compared to patients without post-operative HV using baseline medical and demographic data, preoperative work-up (manometry, pH testing, disease-specific quality of life and symptom scale scores (GERSS), and hospital course. Multiple logistic models were created using univariate associations (p < 0.1) to model independent predictors of NUR-HV and UR-HV.


NUR-HV accounted for 52% (n = 30) of all 90-HV, while the remaining were UR-HV (n = 28, 48.3%). Compared to controls, NUR-HV were younger (51.2 ± 16.8 years vs. 57.6 ± 15.2, p = 0.05), had a lower baseline BMI (28.2 ± 6.4 vs. 31.3 ± 5.4, p = 0.003) and ASA scores (p = 0.02), presented with higher GERSS (46 (28–60) vs. 35 (19–48), p = 0.02) and dysphagia scores (3 (1–5) vs. 2 (0–4), p = 0.02), were associated with LNF (77.7% vs. 54.6%, p = 0.02), and experienced more post-operative dysphagia (13.3% vs. 4.6%, p = 0.06). UR-HV were older (64.0 ± 13.2 vs. 57.6 ± 15.2, p = 0.03), associated with LPEHR (67.9% vs. 45.4%, p = 0.02), longer hospital stay (2 (1–3) vs. 1 (1–2), p = 0.003), and increased overall (39.3% vs. 15.1%, p = 0.001) and urgent complications (34.6% vs. 8.3%, p < 0.005). Positive predictors of NUR-HV included ASA score < 3 (OR 4.4, p = 0.02), increasing GERSS (1.04, p = 0.01), and reduced peristalsis (OR 4.7, p = 0.01), while UR-HV were independently predicted by urgent complications (5.0, p < 0.00005).


NUR-HV accounted for half of post-operative visits following LNF/LPEHR and were predicted by distinct characteristics compared to UR-HV. This stratification provides novel insight that will guide both preoperative counseling and post-operative quality initiatives.


Elective foregut surgery Non-urgent hospital visits Post-operative readmissions 


Compliance with ethical standards


Drs. Anahita D Jalilvand ,Kyle A Perry ,Patricia Belle,and Monet McNally have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of General and Gastrointestinal SurgeryThe Ohio State Wexner Medical CenterColumbusUSA

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