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Long-term outcomes following surgical repair of giant paraoesophageal hiatus hernia

Abstract

Introduction

There are limited data regarding long-term outcomes after surgical repair of giant paraoesophageal hiatus hernia (GPHH). The aim of this study was to assess symptomatic recurrence and patient-reported outcomes following GPHH repair.

Methods

178 patients undergoing elective (127) and emergency (51) GPHH repair between 1994 and 2015 were identified from the prospectively collected Lothian Surgical Audit database. Electronic patient records were used to determine rate of clinical recurrence. A postal questionnaire was used to assess modified DeMeester, ‘Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale’ symptom scores, breathing and exercise tolerance, and patient satisfaction.

Results

Median follow-up was 35 months (range 12–238). 15 (8.4%) patients developed a clinical recurrence and 13 (7.3%) underwent a further operation. The clinical recurrence rates were similar in patients followed-up less than 5 years and beyond 5 years [10/128 (7.8%) vs 5/50 (10%)]. Mortality rate was 1.6% for elective compared with 16.7% for emergency procedures (P < 0.001). Completed questionnaires were received from 95 (78.5%) of 121 eligible patients. Mean symptom scores were low (Modified DeMeester 2.6). 83.7% of patients reported a good or excellent outcome, and 97.8% believed they had made the correct decision to undergo surgery.

Conclusions

Surgical repair of GPHH is associated with high levels of patient satisfaction and good overall symptom outcome. There is a clinical recurrence rate of 8.4%, which does not significantly increase with long-term follow-up.

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Acknowledgements

We wish to thank all patients who took the time to return the questionnaires and participate in this study.

The Edinburgh Oesophago-Gastric Surgery Group: Couper GW, Deans DA, de Beaux AC, Skipworth RJ, Paisley AM, Tulloh BR.

Author information

Correspondence to Peter J. Lamb.

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Disclosures

MA Quinn, AJ Geraghty, AGN Robertson, S Paterson-Brown, PJ Lamb, GW Couper, DA Deans, AC de Beaux, RJ Skipworth, AM Paisley, and BR Tulloh have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.

Additional information

Collaborators of the Edinburgh Oesophago-Gastric Surgery Group are listed in “Acknowledgements”.

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Quinn, M.A., Geraghty, A.J., Robertson, A.G.N. et al. Long-term outcomes following surgical repair of giant paraoesophageal hiatus hernia. Surg Endosc 33, 1846–1853 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-018-6463-y

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Keywords

  • Hernia, Hiatal
  • Hernia, Diaphragmatic
  • Stomach volvulus
  • Fundoplication