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Nonintubated transareolar single-port thoracic sympathicotomy with a needle scope in a series of 85 male patients

Abstract

Background

Traditional endoscopic thoracic sympathicotomy is usually performed through an axillary incision with 5-mm thoracoscope under general anesthesia with endotrachea intubation. Nonintubated transareolar single-port thoracic sympathicotomy with a needle scope has rarely been attempted. The objective of this study is to evaluate the feasibility and safety of this minimally invasive technique in managing primary palmar hyperhidrosis (PPH).

Methods

From May 2012 to May 2014, a total of 85 male patients with severe PPH underwent transareolar single-port thoracic sympathicotomy by use of a 2-mm needle scope under total intravenous anesthesia without endotrachea intubation.

Results

All procedures were successfully performed with a mean operating time of 13.5 min. The palms of all patients became dry and warm as soon as the sympathetic chain was cut off. There were no sore throat, and all the patients regained consciousness rapidly after surgery. Eighty-two patients (96.5 %) were discharged from the hospital on the first postoperative day. The postoperative complications were minor, and no patients developed Horner’s syndrome. At 6 months postoperatively, there is no obvious surgical scar on the chest wall, and none of the patients complained about postoperative pain. Compensatory sweating appeared in 31 patients. No recurrent symptoms were observed in our study. One-year follow-up revealed an excellent cosmetic result and degree of satisfaction.

Conclusions

Nonintubated transareolar single-port needlescopic thoracic sympathicotomy is a safe, effective and minimally invasive therapeutic procedure, which can be performed in routine clinical practice for male PPH patients.

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Acknowledgments

This study was supported by Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant 81070906), Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province (Grant 2013J01303) and Key Program of Scientific Research of Fujian Province (Grant 2015-ZQN-ZD-22).

Author information

Correspondence to Yuan-Rong Tu.

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Disclosures

Jian-Feng Chen, Jian-Bo Lin, Yuan-Rong Tu, Min Lin, Xu Li, Fan-Cai Lai, Quan Du and Yuan-Da Dai have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.

Additional information

Jian-Feng Chen and Jian-Bo Lin contributed equally to this study, and both should be considered first author.

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Chen, J., Lin, J., Tu, Y. et al. Nonintubated transareolar single-port thoracic sympathicotomy with a needle scope in a series of 85 male patients. Surg Endosc 30, 3447–3453 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-015-4628-5

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Keywords

  • Primary palmar hyperhidrosis
  • Single-port sympathicotomy
  • Needlescopic surgery
  • Areolar approach
  • Intravenous anesthesia