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Endostapler or endoloops for securing the appendiceal stump in laparoscopic appendectomy: a retrospective cohort study

Abstract

Background

Laparoscopic appendectomy is the treatment of choice for appendicitis provided sufficient laparoscopic expertise is available. The endostapler possibly provides an easier and safer closure of the appendiceal stump, but at greater expense. This study aimed to compare two strategies for closure of the appendiceal stump in a large retrospective cohort of patients.

Methods

This study reviewed patients who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy for acute appendicitis in three academic hospitals and two regional hospitals in The Netherlands during the period 1 January 2007 to 30 June 2011. The endostapler was routinely used in two hospitals and selectively used in the remaining three hospitals. Both strategies were compared for complications according to the Clavien–Dindo classification.

Results

A total of 1,036 patients were analyzed according to the strategy followed. The 571 patients in the first group were routinely treated with the endostapler. For the 465 patients in the second group, the intentional method of stump closure was with endoloops. The endostapler was used when indicated for 69 of these patients. The patient characteristics did not differ between the two groups. The groups also did not differ significantly in number of intra- and postoperative complications. In both groups, 4.3 % of the patients had complications classified as grade 3 or higher. There were no significant differences in the prevalence of intraabdominal abscesses (3.2 % vs. 4.3) or wound infections (0.4 and 1.5 %). In a multivariate analysis, the chosen strategy for stump closure was not a significant predictor for postoperative complications.

Conclusion

Routine use of the endostapler showed no clinical advantages over the use of endoloops with selective endostapler closure. The latter strategy is preferable because it is more cost effective.

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Disclosures

Hilko A. Swank, Charles C. van Rossem, A. A. W. van Geloven, Klaas H. in’t Hof, Geert Kazemier, W. J. H. J. Meijerink, Johan F. Lange, and Willem A. Bemelman have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.

Author information

Correspondence to Willem A. Bemelman.

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Swank, H.A., van Rossem, C.C., van Geloven, A.A.W. et al. Endostapler or endoloops for securing the appendiceal stump in laparoscopic appendectomy: a retrospective cohort study. Surg Endosc 28, 576–583 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-013-3207-x

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Keywords

  • Appendectomy
  • Endoloop
  • Endostapler
  • Laparoscopic