This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of functional cine-MRI in detecting abdominal adhesions.
For this study, 89 consecutive patients with adhesion-related complaints after previous abdominal surgery underwent preoperative workup including cine-MRI in transverse and sagittal orientations for a dynamic examination of an induced visceral slide. An abdominal map consisting of nine segments was created to document the location and extent of the adhesion. Cine-MRI and intraoperative findings were correlated.
A total of 59 laparotomies and 30 laparoscopies were performed. Four cases required open surgery due to severe adhesions. The use of cine-MRI scan for the detection of adhesions showed an overall accuracy of 90%, a sensitivity of 93%, and a positive predictive value of 96%. The stronger the adhesions, the more accurate the scan findings. Of 44 patients with second-degree MRI scan findings, 50% had second-degree intraoperative findings. Of 35 patients with third- and fourth-degree adhesions on MRI scans, 74% had exactly the same intraabdominal findings at surgery. The MRI scan showed adhesions located in the small intestines (75%), large intestines (35%), abdominal cavity (42%), and reproductive organs (32%). Intraoperatively, adhesions were found in the small intestines (70%), large intestines (40%), abdominal cavity (42%), and reproductive organs (28%).
Cine-MRI provides valid preoperative information with respect to extent, location, and strength of intraabdominal adhesions. Cine-MRI is a good alternative for diagnosing abdominal adhesions because objective findings of the scan and intraoperative findings correlate very well with each other.
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Lang and Buhmann contributed equally to this work.
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Lang, R.A., Buhmann, S., Hopman, A. et al. Cine-MRI detection of intraabdominal adhesions: correlation with intraoperative findings in 89 consecutive cases. Surg Endosc 22, 2455–2461 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-008-9763-9