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Screen height as an ergonomic factor in laparoscopic surgery

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Abstract

Background:

The increasing number of routinely performed laparoscopic operations causes the surgeons’ “screen work” time to rise constantly. A new ergonomic workload on the surgeons’ upper spine and shoulders is created as a result of the standard screen height position on top of the laparoscopy towers.

Methods:

Eight surgeons in the authors’ surgical department were evaluated for the inclination/reclination angle of their cervical spine when using the laparoscopy towers in the authors’ department and also at their favorable screen height.

Results:

The laparoscopy towers used in the authors’ department made 3° to 14° reclination of the cervical spine necessary. The interviewed surgeons preferred a position of slight inclination, with a median of 160 cm measured from the central screen height to the floor.

Conclusion:

Monitors of laparoscopy towers should be adapted to the surgeon’s preferred screen height: at eye level frontally with a neutral or slight inclination of the cervical spine. The authors suggest a central screen height of 160 cm, with the monitor positioned in front of the surgeon. Newer equipment from the industry should be provided.

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Correspondence to J. Zehetner.

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Zehetner, J., Kaltenbacher, A., Wayand, W. et al. Screen height as an ergonomic factor in laparoscopic surgery. Surg Endosc 20, 139–141 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-005-0251-1

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Keywords

  • Ergonomic settings
  • Laparoscopy
  • Screen height