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Laparoscopic hepaticojejunostomy for biliary strictures: the experience of 10 patients

Abstract

Hepaticojejunostomy is performed to reestablish bilioenteric continuity. During a 5-year period between July 1998 and July 2003, the authors attempted hepaticojejunostomy by a total laparoscopic approach in 10 patients with benign stricture disorders of the extrahepatic biliary tree. Six of these patients had type 1 (extrahepatic, fusiform) choledochal cyst and presented with pain, fever, and jaundice. Four of the patients had iatrogenic biliary strictures after cholecystectomy (2 patients after laparoscopic cholecystectomy and 2 patients after open cholecystectomy). These patients had a variable presentation 1 to 3 weeks after the primary procedure, with peritonitis and/or cholangitis or only progressive jaundice. For nine of the patients (90%), the procedure was completed entirely laparoscopically. The mean operative time was 326.6 min for the patients with choledochal cysts and 268 min for the patients with iatrogenic strictures. One patient with stricture after open cholecystectomy underwent conversion to an open repair because of severe anatomic distortion and fibrosis. Four patients drained bile postoperatively for 5 to 7 days. One patient with iatrogenic biliary stricture after open cholecystectomy required open revision of the anastomosis 18 months after laparoscopic hepaticojejunostomy because of recurrent cholangitis. The remaining eight patients (80%) were doing well a mean follow-up period of 3.1 years (range, 3 months to 5 years). Total laparoscopic hepaticojejunostomy is feasible for a select group of patients, but requires advanced laparoscopic skills, including intracorporeal suturing. It must be attempted only in centers well versed in advanced laparoscopic surgery.

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Correspondence to P. K. Chowbey.

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Chowbey, P.K., Soni, V., Sharma, A. et al. Laparoscopic hepaticojejunostomy for biliary strictures: the experience of 10 patients. Surg Endosc 19, 273–279 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-003-8288-5

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Keywords

  • Hepaticojejunostomy
  • Choledochal cyst
  • Latrogenic biliary strictures
  • Iatrogenic