Lumbar hernias are rare; approximately 300 cases have been described in the literature since their first description. They are typically subdivided by categories such as congenital or acquired and by their location. Acquired lumbar hernias may follow trauma, poliomyelitis, loin incision, and the use of iliac crest as a donor site for bone grafting. Although they tend to grow in size and have a 25% risk of incarceration and 8% risk of strangulation, surgery is indicated once the lesion is confirmed. Many techniques have been described for surgical repair of lumbar hernias, including primary repair, local tissue flaps, and conventional mesh repair. All these open techniques require a large incision plus extensive dissection to expose the area. The first laparoscopic repair of lumbar hernia was described in 1996. The laparoscopic approach for lumbar hernia has significant advantages: it enables exact localization of the anatomic defect, the mesh can be placed deep into the defect allowing intraabdominal pressure to hold it in position, and it also has all the well-known advantages of the laparoscopic approach. We present two cases of laparoscopically repaired acquired lumbar hernias.
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Sakarya, A., Aydede, H., Erhan, M. et al. Laparoscopic repair of acquired lumbar hernia . Surg Endosc 17, 1494 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-003-4202-4
- Lumbar hernia
- Acquired lumbar hernia