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Laparoscopic splenectomy for torsion of wandering spleen associated with celiac axis occlusion

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Abstract

Background: Wandering spleen is a spleen lacking its normal ligamentous attachments, and thus subjected to free movement in the abdominal cavity, and even torsion around its pedicle. Surgical treatment includes either fixation (splenopexy) or resection (splenectomy). Both procedures can now be accomplished using the laparoscopic approach. Methods and results: We describe a case of a torsion of a wandering spleen, leading to recurrent episodes of ab-dominal pain, and eventually to splenic ischemia, ne-cessitating splenectomy. The diagnosis was complicated by associated angiographic findings of celiac axis occlusion, possibly by median arcuate ligament compression. Laparoscopic splenectomy was successful, and led to complete resolution of symptoms. Conclusions: Although a rare condition, wandering spleen can be diagnosed accurately by imaging studies, mainly CT scan and angiography. Nowadays, the laparoscopic approach is preferred and enables the surgeon to perform either splenopexy or splenctomy, depending on the vascular status of the spleen.

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Correspondence to D. Rosin.

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Rosin, D., Bank, I., Gayer, G. et al. Laparoscopic splenectomy for torsion of wandering spleen associated with celiac axis occlusion. Surg Endosc 16, 1110 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-001-0078-3

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Key words

  • Wandering spleen
  • Torsion
  • Laparoscopy
  • Splenectomy
  • Celiac axis
  • Median arcuate