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Reliability and Validity of the Turkish Eating Assessment Tool (T-EAT-10)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to test the reliability and validity of the Turkish Eating Assessment Tool (T-EAT-10) among patients with swallowing disorders. One hundred and five patients completed the T-EAT-10 and Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS). The internal consistency, test–retest reliability, and criterion validity of T-EAT-10 were investigated. The internal consistency was assessed using Cronbach’s alpha. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) value with 95 % confidence intervals was calculated for test–retest reliability. The criterion validity of the T-EAT-10 was determined by assessing the correlation between T-EAT-10 and FOIS. All the patients in the study completed the T-EAT-10 without assistance. The mean time to complete the instrument was 1.8 ± 0.9 min. The internal consistency of the T-EAT-10 was found to be high with 0.90 Cronbach’s alpha for test and 0.91 Cronbach’s alpha for retest reproducibility. No difference between the test and retest scores of the T-EAT-10 was found (p = 0.14). A negative, moderate correlation between T-EAT-10 and FOIS was detected (r = −0.365, p < 0.001). The T-EAT-10 is a reliable and valid symptom-specific outcome tool for dysphagia in adult Turkish patients. It can be used in clinical practice and research.

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Acknowledgments

We would like to thank the patients who participated and consented to join this study.

Funding

The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.

Author information

Correspondence to Selen Serel Arslan.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Demir, N., Serel Arslan, S., İnal, Ö. et al. Reliability and Validity of the Turkish Eating Assessment Tool (T-EAT-10). Dysphagia 31, 644–649 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00455-016-9723-9

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Keywords

  • Deglutition
  • Deglutition disorders
  • Dysphagia
  • Outcome assessment
  • Quality of life