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The Impact of Dysphagia on Quality of Life in Ageing and Parkinson’s Disease as Measured by the Swallowing Quality of Life (SWAL-QOL) Questionnaire

Abstract

This prospective, cross-sectional study evaluated the impact of dysphagia on quality of life in healthy ageing and in subjects with Parkinson’s disease (PD) using the Swallowing Quality of Life (SWAL-QOL) questionnaire. Sixteen healthy young adults (8 males, mean age = 25.1 years) and 16 healthy elders (8 males, mean age = 72.8 years) were recruited. Thirty-two subjects with idiopathic PD (mean age = 68.5 years) were recruited from a movement disorders clinic. The severity of PD was staged using the Hoehn and Yahr scale. Results revealed that elders experienced symptoms of dysphagia more frequently than young adults but the overall SWAL-QOL scores were not significantly different. Subjects with PD who experienced dysphagia reported greatly reduced QOL, and significant differences were found in all but one subsection of the SWAL-QOL. Disease progression detrimentally impacts QOL, with subjects in later-stage PD experiencing further reduction in the desire to eat, difficulty with food selection, and prolonged eating duration. These features, which increase with disease severity, are likely to impact negatively upon nutritional status, which is already under threat from PD-related dysphagia.

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Correspondence to Li Pyn Leow.

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Leow, L.P., Huckabee, M., Anderson, T. et al. The Impact of Dysphagia on Quality of Life in Ageing and Parkinson’s Disease as Measured by the Swallowing Quality of Life (SWAL-QOL) Questionnaire. Dysphagia 25, 216–220 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00455-009-9245-9

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Keywords

  • Quality of life
  • Ageing
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Deglutition
  • Deglutition disorders