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Valsalva and the Upper Esophageal Sphincter

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Correspondence to Rosario Marchese-Ragona MD.

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Marchese-Ragona, R., Restivo, D.A., Marioni, G. et al. Valsalva and the Upper Esophageal Sphincter. Dysphagia 17, 250–251 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00455-002-0066-3

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  • Botulinum Toxin
  • Achalasia
  • Oropharyngeal Dysphagia
  • Botulinum Toxin Treatment
  • Cricopharyngeal Myotomy