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Modeling of activated sludge wastewater treatment processes

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Abstract

The performance of an activated sludge wastewater treatment process consisting of an aeration tank and a secondary settler has been studied. A tanks-in-series model with backflow was used for mathematical modeling of the activated sludge wastewater treatment process. Non-linear algebraic equations obtained from the material balances of MLSS (mixed liquor suspended solids or activated sludge), BOD (biological oxygen demand) and DO (dissolved oxygen) for the aeration tank and the settler and from the behavior of the settler were solved simultaneously using the modified Newton-Raphson technique. The concentration profiles of MLSS, BOD and DO in the aeration tank were obtained. The simulation results were examined from the viewpoints of mixing in the aeration tank and flow in the secondary settling tank. The relationships between the overall performance of the activated sludge process and the operating and design parameters such as hydraulic residence time, influent BOD, recycle ratio and waste sludge ratio were obtained.

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Received: 7 October 1998

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Puteh, M., Minekawa, K., Hashimoto, N. et al. Modeling of activated sludge wastewater treatment processes. Bioprocess Engineering 21, 249–254 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1007/s004490050672

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Keywords

  • Sludge
  • Dissolve Oxygen
  • Settling
  • Activate Sludge
  • Suspended Solid