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Multifunctional fluorocarbon photobioreactor system: a novel integrated device for CO2 segregation, O2 collection, and enhancement of microalgae growth and bioproductions

  • Yu-Hsiang LeeEmail author
  • Jen-Hou Sun
Research Paper

Abstract

An enhanced greenhouse effect due to high CO2 emissions has become one of the most concerning issues worldwide. Although plant/algae-mediated approaches have been extensively used for CO2 segregation in the last decades, these methods are generally aimed at environment protection. In contrast, less attention has been given to CO2 manipulation that has regrettably caused a decrease in the commercial availability of the associated technologies. To generate a system for practical use, a synthetic fluorocarbon photobioreactor system (FCPBRS) consisting of a CO2 isolation unit, a gas modulation unit, an O2 collection unit, and a microalgal culture chamber was developed in this study. After injecting a 60%-N2/40%-CO2 gas mixture into the CO2 isolation unit for 10 days, the results showed that the FCPBRS enabled a > 93% CO2 separation efficiency using a fluorocarbon liquid FC-40 as the CO2 adsorbent. In addition, the growth rate of Nannochloropsis oculata was significantly enhanced when cultured with 20 mL min−1 of the FC-40 flow containing 2% CO2 throughout the time course, resulting in 4.7-, 4.6-, and 4.5-fold (P < 0.05 for each) increases in biomass, total lipid, and eicosapentaenoic acid yields, respectively, compared to the aerated group without FC-40. Moreover, approximately 1600 mL of photosynthetic O2 with a ~ 80% collection efficiency was obtained in the O2 collection unit within 10 days of FCPBRS operation. These outcomes indicate that the FCPBRS may provide a feasible means to simultaneously achieve CO2 isolation, O2 collection, and enhanced microalgae bioproductions.

Keywords

Photobioreactor Fluorocarbon CO2 isolation O2 collection Microalgae Biomass 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan R.O.C. (MOST 107-2622-E-008-005-CC3; Y.-H. Lee).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Human or animal participants

This article does not contain any study with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

449_2019_2156_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (563 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 563 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biomedical Sciences and EngineeringNational Central UniversityTaoyuan CityTaiwan, ROC
  2. 2.Department of Chemical and Materials EngineeringNational Central UniversityTaoyuan CityTaiwan, ROC

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