Biocatalysis of aromatic benzyl-propionate ester by different immobilized lipases
Benzyl propionate is an aromatic ester that possesses a fruity odor and is usually found in nature in the composition of some fruits such as plums and melons. This work aimed for the benzyl propionate synthesis by esterification using a new immobilized enzyme preparation with low-cost material from Candida antarctica (NS 88011) and three commercial immobilized lipases (Novozym 435, Lipozyme TL-IM and Lipozyme RM-IM). Novozym 435 had the best performance even when the solvent tert-butanol was absent of the reaction medium. Results from a 22 factorial design showed that an increase in the enzyme amount led to a higher conversion, even when the temperature was kept at the low value. Currently, no research had synthesized successfully benzyl propionate via esterification mediated by lipases; and we reached an ester conversion of ~ 44% after 24 h indicating that it is a promising route for benzyl propionate biotechnological production.
KeywordsFlavor Enzyme Esterification Synthesis Benzyl propionate
The authors thank the financial support from CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior) and CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico).
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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